In a habeas corpus proceeding where the requisition of the Governor of the demanding State conclusively shows that the crime charged was committed in this State and not in the demanding State, the person so accused can not be extradited as a fugitive from justice under the Act of Congress of 1793.
The requisitions of the Governor of Pennsylvania state that the petitioners are charged "with having committed an act or acts in the State of Georgia, intentionally resulting in the crimes of Accessory before the fact, Accessory after the fact, Conspiracy to Fraudulent Conversion and Fraudulent Pretense, which I certify to be crimes under the Laws of this State, committed in the County of Washington in this State, . . ." The indictments attached to the requisitions show that the crimes charged were "through acts committed in the State of Georgia which intentionally resulted in the aforesaid crimes in Washington County, Pennsylvania."
It is the contention of the respondent in the habeas corpus proceedings that the extradition warrants issued by the Governor of Georgia were properly issued under Section 6 of the Uniform Criminal Extradition Act, adopted in this State on February 21, 1951, to become effective on March 1, 1951 (Ga. L. 1951, pp. 726, 728; Code Ann. 44-407), which provides: "The Governor of this State may also surrender, on demand of the executive authority of any other State, any person in this State charged in such other State in the manner provided in Section 3 [Code Ann. 44-404] with committing an act in this State, or in a third State, intentionally resulting in a crime in the State whose executive authority is making the demand, and the provisions of this Act not otherwise inconsistent, shall apply to such cases, even though the accused was not in that State at the time of the commission of the crime, and has not fled therefrom."
"If it be contended that, even though the warrant of the Governor of Georgia recites that it was issued in accordance with an act of Congress passed in 1793, . . . and even though the petitioner does not come within the terms of that act, it is still a valid warrant under the terms of an act of the General Assembly of Georgia passed in 1951 (Ga. L. 1951, p. 726 et seq., and especially sec. 6 thereof)--the answer is that this record shows conclusively that this extradition proceeding does not purport to come within the terms of that act."
The same factual situation exists in the present cases as in Jackson v. Pittard, supra. The extradition warrants purport to be issued under the authority of the Act of Congress of 1793, and not under the Uniform Extradition Act of 1951. The requisitions of the Governor of Pennsylvania and the supporting documents conclusively show that the crimes are alleged to have been committed in Georgia, and not in Pennsylvania. The petitioners are not fugitives from justice under the Act of Congress of 1793, and can not be extradited as such.