1. The fact that the suit is against the county and the petitioner alleges that the conditions complained of were created by the county do not cancel the further pleadings, filing a second original for service of said suit on the State Highway Department, as provided in Code (Ann.) 95-1710 (Ga. L. 1957, p. 592), so as to remove the cause of action from the conditions set forth in Code 95-1712.
2. So long as the opinions of this court in Taylor v. Richmond County, 185 Ga. 610
(196 S. E. 37), Hardin v. State Highway Board, 185 Ga. 614
(196 S. E. 40), State Highway Board v. Perkerson, 185 Ga. 617
(196 S. E. 42), State Highway Board v. Hall, 193 Ga. 717
(20 S. E. 2d 21), and Waters v. DeKalb County, 208 Ga. 741
(69 S. E. 2d 274), are allowed to remain and are not overruled, the meaning of Code 95-1712, as they have construed it, applies to the claim for alleged damages to private property for a public use, upon which this case is based, and the provision in that section than the Highway Department is not liable for such damages until the road has been formally opened for traffic controls. This condition precedent to liability must be both alleged and proved. Such was not done in this case, and, hence, the Court of Appeals erred in affirming the judgment overruling the demurrers. This ruling renders nugatory all subsequent rulings in the case.
DUCKWORTH, Chief Justice, concurring specially. My opinion as to what this court should do with Code 95-1712 is expressed fully in my dissent in State Highway Department v. McClain, 216 Ga. 1
(114 S. E. 2d 125). But since my associates will not join me in overruling all the decisions above listed, I have no choice but to follow them and hence join in the foregoing decision.
This is an action for damages, brought against Dougherty County, resulting from acts of the State Highway Department in building certain fills or embankments in the construction of an interchange at the junction of a highway and the relocation of another. By amendment the petitioner filed a second original for service upon the State Highway Department as prescribed in Code (Ann.) 95-1710 (Ga. L. 1957, p. 592). After a verdict and judgment for the petitioner, the Court of Appeals affirmed the lower court after reviewing errors complained of in rulings on demurrers and other rulings during the trial. A writ of certiorari was granted by this court, which now has for decision the question of whether or not the Court of Appeals in its opinion in Dougherty County v. Edge, 100 Ga. App. 856
(112 S. E. 2d 334), erred in holding that the action was to recover damages to real property resulting from acts of the State in exercising its power of eminent domain under the constitutional provision that property should not be taken and damaged without just and adequate compensation, and that Code 95-1712 did not apply in the case, and the action was not brought prematurely.