C. S. Swiney and Mario Moscardelli filed their petition for injunction against the City of Forest Park and its mayor and councilmen, alleging that the plaintiffs were residents of and property owners in a territory which was not included within the corporate limits of the city before the passage and approval of an act of the General Assembly of the State of Georgia passed at the 1953 Nov.-Dec. session thereof (Ga. L. 1953, Nov.-Dec. Sess., p. 3029 et seq.); and that this act enlarged the city limits so as to include the lands and homes of petitioners and make them liable for taxes and licenses for businesses conducted by them in the territory added to the city by this act. It is alleged that this act, being a local or special act, is unconstitutional because the notice of intention to apply therefor, duly published and attached to the act, as follows: "Notice of Legislation. An Act to amend an Act to create the City of Forest Park to provide for dividing the city into wards. To provide for a mayor and aldermen for said city to define their term and manner of election and compensation. To define said limits of said city, and for other purposes. Ed Kemp, E. A. Foster, Representatives," was insufficient to constitute the notice required by article III, section VII, paragraph XV of the Constitution of 1945 (Code, Ann., 2-1915), because it did not say in what General Assembly of what State the bill was to be introduced, or that any bill was to be introduced in any legislative forum, and that the words in said notice, "To define said limits of said city, and for other purposes," were too vague and indefinite to put any person on notice that any territory was to be added to said city. To this petition the defendants interposed their demurrer, which was sustained by the trial judge, and to this judgment the plaintiffs except. Held:
Such a notice as that here involved, signed by the duly elected representatives in the General Assembly of Georgia from the county in which the municipality is located, which proposes to amend the charter of a named Georgia municipality, would necessarily have reference to the General Assembly of Georgia, the only legislative body with power to amend the charter which it had granted, and which would be in session within 60 days from the date of the first publication, since the Constitution requires that such notice shall be published once a week for three weeks during a period of 60 days immediately preceding the introduction of the proposed legislation, and there is no contention here that the notice was not published as thus required. Bracewell v. Warnock, 208 Ga. 388
, 391 (67 S. E. 2d 114). See also, in this connection, Williams v. Buchanan & Bro., 75 Ga. 789
; Richmond & Danville R. Co. v. Benson & Co., 86 Ga. 203
(12 S. E. 357, 22 Am. St. R. 446); American Bonding &c. Co. v. Adams, 124 Ga. 510
(52 S. E. 622); McNatt v. Citizens & Southern Bank, 20 Ga. App. 755
, 756 (93 S. E. 271).
2. The words "To define said limits of said city" as used in the notice here involved are sufficiently broad to include the extension or enlargement of the corporate limits. In State v. Hocker, 36 Fla. 358, 367 (18 So. 767), it is held that, "When already fixed and defined boundary lines are proposed by a new measure 'to be defined,' it is tantamount to saying that lines already defined will be redefined, changed, altered, and a new definition and fixing thereof established, different from the old." In 11 Words and Phrases (Perm. ed.), 597, 598, it is said: "The word 'define' may be, and frequently is, used in the sense of merely to make clear and certain what was before uncertain, ambiguous, or indefinite; but in legislation it is frequently used in the creation, enlarging, and extending the powers and duties of boards and officers, in defining certain offenses and providing punishment, and thus enlarging and extending the scope of the law, and it has this meaning when applied to the title of an act to define boundaries of a city." See also People v. Bradley, 36 Mich. 447, 452; 26 C. J. S. 678.
3. Under the foregoing authorities, the notice of intention to apply for local legislation was sufficiently definite and comprehensive to meet the requirements of article III, section VII, paragraph XV of the Constitution of 1945 (Code, Ann., 2-1915), and the trial judge did not err in sustaining the general demurrer and dismissing the plaintiffs' petition.
William H. Reynolds, for plaintiffs in error.