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HAWKINS, Justice.
Petition for discovery. Before Judge Atkinson. Chatham Superior Court. February 10, 1954.
1. "The superior court in equitable proceedings may compel either party to discover facts within his knowledge, beneficial to the other party and material to his case; and this either upon a petition for discovery and relief, or for discovery alone, ancillary to some other civil proceedings." Code 38-1101. See also Coca-Cola Co. v. City of Atlanta, 152 Ga. 558 (110 S. E. 730, 23 A. L. R. 1339).
2. "To maintain a petition for discovery, the petition should show that the facts sought to be discovered of the respondents can legitimately be used in a suit pending, or in one which the petitioner intends to bring; and in this last case it must appear further that the petitioner is authorized, under the law, to institute and maintain the contemplated proceeding." Farmers Bank v. Harrison, 182 Ga. 623 (186 S. E. 687).
3. "A bill of discovery will lie in aid of actions for personal torts, and discovery may be had in aid of actions of tort relating to property." 27 C. J. S. 9, 3.
4. This case comes on writ of error to a judgment overruling a general demurrer; and accordingly the facts of the case must be assumed to be as alleged in the petition. Fields v. Union Central Life Ins. Co., 170 Ga. 239 (6d) (152 S. E. 237). See also Collier v. Mayflower Apartments, 196 Ga. 419, 425 (26 S. E. 2d 731); Citizens & Southern Nat. Bank v. King, 184 Ga. 238, 247 (190 S. E. 857); Higdon v. Dixon, 203 Ga. 67, 70 (1) (45 S. E. 2d 423).
5. "Beginning with the decision of this court in McLaren v. Steapp, 1 Ga. 376, it has been the general rule that, if the plaintiff is entitled to any relief under the allegations of his petition a general demurrer will not be sustained." Abernathy v. Rylee, 209 Ga. 317, 321 (72 S. E. 2d 300). See also Babb v. McKinnon, 185 Ga. 663,664 (a) (196 S. E. 488).
Earl F. Neidlinger filed, in the Superior Court of Chatham County, Georgia, an equitable action for a writ of discovery, against James E. Lucas and James E. Lucas, Jr. His petition alleges substantially: that defendants are residents of said State and county; that on April 7, 1953, about 3:30 p.m., on Pennsylvania Avenue near Texas Avenue, in Savannah, Chatham County, Georgia, plaintiff was the owner of a described automobile, being driven by Mrs. Hazel Neidlinger north on the east side of Pennsylvania Avenue; and when plaintiff's vehicle neared the intersection of Pennsylvania and Texas Avenue, Mrs. Neidlinger saw another described automobile, driven by James E. Lucas, Jr., coming toward her, which kept edging over to her side of the road, and she slowed down and was completely stopped on her side of the road when the plaintiff's vehicle was struck by defendant's automobile; that the defendant Lucas, Jr., is a minor and is the son of the defendant Lucas, Sr.; that plaintiff brings this action for discovery of and from the defendants of full information and knowledge concerning the described automobile driven by defendant Lucas, Jr., as follows: (a) the true and lawful ownership of said property; (b) whether it was paid for by one or more of defendants individually and personally, or by someone else; (c) how long it has been owned by either or both of defendants and when they purchased it; (d) from whom it was purchased; (e) if anything is owing on it at present and, if so, to whom and how much; (f) other pertinent information relative to the ownership of said vehicle; (g) where defendant Lucas, Jr., had been and where was he going at the time of the accident; and (h) other pertinent information relative to said trip.
It was further alleged that the discovery sought is relevant, material, and necessary to plaintiff in order for him to bring his suit against the proper parties or party to recover damages for the injury to his automobile, said suit to be brought upon securing the information herein requested; that this proceeding is ancillary to the suit for damages to be brought by plaintiff against defendants; that the information and facts sought are necessary, beneficial, and material to plaintiff's suit for damages to be brought against defendants, and are peculiarly within the knowledge of defendants, and unknown to plaintiff; that plaintiff is unable to ascertain or prove such facts and information without resort to the conscience of defendants; and that plaintiff has no adequate and complete remedy at law.
The prayers of the petition were that discovery be granted; that the defendants be required to discover the information requested in the petition, and for rule nisi.
A general demurrer was filed to the petition, on the grounds that it fails to set forth any cause of action, that an adequate and complete remedy at law is available to the plaintiff, that the defendants are not required to expose themselves to a penalty or forfeiture, nor to disclose matters relating to their own case, and that the plaintiff has not shown that discovery is necessary. The exception is to the overruling of this demurrer.
William F. Braziel, contra.
Aaron Kravitch, for plaintiffs in error.
SUBMITTED APRIL 12, 1954 -- DECIDED MAY 10, 1954.
Saturday May 23 03:42 EDT

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