A petition was filed against K. J. T. in the Juvenile Court of Dougherty County charging him with the delinquent act of being a party to the crime of aggravated assault. The state filed a motion to transfer to the superior court as provided by OCGA 15-11-39
. The first hearing on the motion was continued so that a psychological evaluation could be performed. After the psychological evaluation was completed, the juvenile court held another hearing and then granted the motion to transfer to the superior court. K. J. T. appeals, arguing that the juvenile court abused its discretion in granting the motion because the state failed to show reasonable grounds to believe that he was not committable to an institution for the mentally ill as required by OCGA 15-11-39
(a) (3). We agree and reverse.
Following notice and a hearing, the juvenile court may transfer an offense if:
(3) The court in its discretion determines there are reasonable grounds to believe that: (A) The child committed the delinquent act alleged; (B) The child is not committable to an institution for the mentally retarded or mentally ill; and (C) The interests of the child and the community require that the child be placed under legal restraint and the transfer be made; and (4) The child was at least 15 years of age at the time of the alleged delinquent conduct or the child was 13 or 14 years of age and committed an act for which the punishment is loss of life or confinement for life in a penal institution.
The clinical psychologists who evaluated K. J. T. made the following observations:
He was disheveled and appeared very anxious. . . . He appeared to be responding to internal stimuli throughout the interview and upon query stated he was hearing voices. Upon query, he stated somebody was calling his name. He also reported being afraid somebody was trying to hurt him. His behavior was bizarre in that he was shaking uncontrollably and looking around the room suspiciously. His thinking was illogical and he was verbally unresponsive most of the time. . . . He was not oriented to date or place . . . and . . . was observed making unusual hand gestures. . . . Formal testing was not performed due to his bizarre behavior and inability to communicate.
Based on these observations, the psychologists recommended that K. J. T.
be transferred to an inpatient psychiatric setting where his behavior can be monitored and he can be evaluated for psychotropic medication treatment. Given his current legal situation, it is possible that [K. J. T.] is malingering, or faking psychotic symptoms, for external gain. Therefore, psychiatric observation should rule out a diagnosis of malingering during his inpatient hospitalization. Following stabilization on medication, it is recommended that [K. J. T.] be provided with further psychological evaluation if warranted to determine intellectual ability, rule out cognitive impairment, and make further treatment recommendations.
At the hearing on the motion, the state presented the testimony of two probation officers who had varying degrees of contact with J. T. over the course of several years. Although both witnesses testified that they had never witnessed any behavior that would indicate K. J. T. suffered from a mental disorder, the record shows that the most recent contact either witness had with K. J. T. occurred almost two years prior to the transfer hearing. Thus, neither witness had any knowledge about K. J. T.'s current mental state, which the juvenile court recognized could have changed since the witnesses' last contact with K. J. T. Cf. In the Interest of J. T., 214 Ga. App. 349
, 350 (1) (447 SE2d 702
) (1994) (nonexpert witnesses had recent contact with juvenile). Nevertheless, the trial court granted the motion to transfer, concluding that because there were other charges pending against K. J. T. in superior court, that court was in a better position to follow up on the recommendations of the testing psychologists.
[B]ecause the present record affords no basis for a determination one way or the other regarding the issue of [K. J. T.'s] committability to a mental institution, we believe the most appropriate disposition of the case is to vacate the judgment of the juvenile court and remand for a new hearing on the matter [after K. J. T. has been evaluated further]. . . . To foreclose the possibility of a transfer on the basis of the record currently before us would be to impose arbitrarily a result which may not be in the public's interest, without vindicating any right of the accused.
Kenneth B. Hodges III, District Attorney, Gregory W. Edwards, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.