Appellee filed suit against appellant and Coburn, alleging that they were liable as partners on a note executed by Coburn individually. The trial court granted appellant's motion for summary judgment, holding that the note was not signed in a representative capacity. The Court of Appeals reversed, holding that since there was evidence that Coburn was acting on behalf of a partnership which included Willard, and that he was acting with Willard's actual knowledge and consent in obtaining the note, Willard could be liable and summary judgment was improper. Stewart Title Guaranty Co. v. Coburn, 211 Ga. App. 357 (2) (439 SE2d 69) (1993)
. We granted certiorari to consider the correctness of that ruling.
Assuming for the sake of argument that there was evidence that Coburn and Willard were partners rather than merely shareholders in a corporation, 1
the record on appeal does not support a conclusion that the note on which suit is based in this case was an undertaking on which Willard would be liable. The application for the loan, the note itself, and all the associated documents made no reference to any borrower other than Coburn. Nonetheless, the Court of Appeals held that evidence that "the note was executed in furtherance of the goals of a partnership between Coburn and Willard" would render appellant liable even in the absence of his signature on the note. In the context of a written instrument, 2
that is too broad a statement of the principles embodied in OCGA 14-8-9
(1, 2). 3
The mere fact that the execution of the note would advance the goals of the business Coburn and appellant owned is not enough to extend liability on the note to Willard. Even if they were shown to be partners, 14-8-9
would not, by its plain terms, extend liability on the note involved in this case to Willard under subsection (1) unless the instrument were executed in the partnership name, or under subsection (2) unless Willard authorized being so bound. 4
However, the note was not executed in a partnership name and there is no evidence at all that Willard ever authorized Coburn to create a partnership liability in executing the note at issue. In the absence of such evidence, the general rule stated in OCGA 11-3-401
(1) applies: "No person is liable on an instrument unless his signature appears thereon." We conclude, therefore, that the trial court was correct in granting summary judgment to appellant and the Court of Appeals erred in reversing that judgment.
Morris, Manning & Martin, Joseph R. Manning, Frank W. DeBorde, Bodker, Ramsay & Andrews, Stephen C. Andrews, for appellee.