lawskills
Loading
Did you know you can download our entire database for free?


Resources
[more] 

Georgia Caselaw:
Browse
Greatest Hits

Georgia Code: Browse

(external) Findlaw Georgia Law Resources


This site exists because of donors like you.

Thanks!


Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
COVINGTON et al. v. COUNTRYSIDE INVESTMENT COMPANY, INC.
S93A0625.
CARLEY, Justice.
Equity. Fulton Superior Court. Before Judge Hill.
1. The contract provided that the sale was to close by November 30, 1991 and that time was of the essence. The contract also provided that it was contingent upon appellants' "ability to obtain" a loan in the principal amount of 95 percent of the purchase price. Appellants did apply for the loan, but it is undisputed that they did not qualify for the loan and obtain financing by November 30, 1991. "A party seeking specific performance of a contract must show substantial compliance with his part of the agreement in order to be entitled to a decree. [Cits.]" Kirk v. First Ga. Investment Corp., 239 Ga. 171, 172-173 (236 SE2d 254) (1977). Appellants did not show "substantial compliance" with their part of the agreement, because they did not satisfy the contingency for obtaining a loan by the closing date of November 30, 1991. "The contract [was] not binding on the parties until [appellants] obtain[ed] a . . . loan, for not until the occurrence of that event [did] the contract have mutuality. [Cits.]" Griffith v. FDIC, 242 Ga. 367, 369 (249 SE2d 54) (1978).
Since appellants did not satisfy the contingency of obtaining a loan by the closing date, the contract never became binding and an enforceable contract capable of being ordered specifically performed never came into existence. Griffith v. FDIC, supra. Compare Edwards v. McTyre, 246 Ga. 302 (1) (271 SE2d 205) (1980); Bolton v. Barber, 233 Ga. 646, 647 (2) (212 SE2d 766) (1975).
Even assuming that, prior to November 30, 1991, appellants would otherwise have been entitled to waive the financing contingency and to pay the entire purchase price with their own personal funds, they introduced no evidence that they had ever notified appellee that they wished to waive the financing contingency and that they were ready, willing and able to pay for the property without financing. Most significantly, there was no evidence that appellants had at any time made an unconditional tender of the purchase price provided in the contract. Accordingly, appellants would not be entitled to specific performance under the theory that the financing Contingency was waived and that the contract that they seek to enforce was for unconditional cash payment on November 30, 1991. Compare Edwards v. McTyre, supra at 303 (2); Whitley v. Patrick, 226 Ga. 87, 89 (3) (172 SE2d 692) (1970).
In order to support a suit by a purchaser for specific performance of a contract for the purchase and sale of land, the purchaser must have paid the purchase money in accordance with the terms of the contract, or made an unconditional tender thereof before the initiation of the action. [Cit.]
Kirk v. First Ga. Investment Corp., supra at 173.
Construing the evidence most favorably for appellants, no genuine issue of material fact remains as to the non-viability of their claim for specific performance. Accordingly, the trial court correctly granted summary judgment in favor of appellee as to that claim.
2. It follows that the trial court likewise correctly granted summary judgment in favor of appellee as to appellants' alternative claim for damages. Where, as in this case, the plaintiff is not entitled to enforce the contract, damages for breach of contract in lieu of specific performance cannot be recovered. Johnson v. Bourchier, 245 Ga. 124, 125 (2) (263 SE2d 157) (1980).
3. Appellants enumerate as error the trial court's sua sponte grant of summary judgment in favor of appellee as to appellee's counterclaim for breach of contract.
"[W]hile in most cases it is better practice to await a motion for summary judgment before entering it for a party, it [may] not [be] erroneous under the circumstances of [a given] case, where the issues, [,are] the same as those involved in the movant's motion. . . . ."
(Emphasis supplied.) Cruce v. Randall, 245 Ga. 669, 671 (266 SE2d 486) (1980). In the instant case, the trial court had before it only a motion for summary judgment as to the issue of appellant's alternative recovery for specific performance or damages. Appellants' liability for breach of contract was an entirely different issue and an entirely different claim. As discussed in Div. 1, the fact that appellants had failed to obtain financing was relevant to the issue of the enforceability of the contract. However, appellants' mere failure to obtain financing would not constitute a breach of contract. They were required to apply for a loan and pursue it diligently and in good faith and, if they did so, but still failed to obtain a loan, there was no breach of contract. Appellants' good faith pursuit of financing was not an issue within the ambit of appellee's motion for summary judgment and the trial court erred in granting summary judgment in favor of appellee as to that issue. Consolidated Systems v. AMISUB, Inc., 261 Ga. 590, 591 (2) (408 SE2d 109) (1991). See also Paino v. Connell, 207 Ga. App. 553 (428 SE2d 446) (1993); Frank Woods Constr. Co. v. Randi, 177 Ga. App. 438, 439 (2) (339 SE2d 406) (1986).
5. Appellants' remaining enumeration of error is moot.
Quirk & Quirk, Neal J. Quirk, for appellee.
Zachary & Segraves, Rick S. Sexton, for appellants.
DECIDED APRIL 19, 1993 -- RECONSIDERATION DENIED MAY 13, 1993.
Saturday May 23 16:36 EDT


This site exists because of donors like you.

Thanks!


Valid HTML 4.0!

Valid CSS!





Home - Tour - Disclaimer - Privacy - Contact Us
Copyright © 2000,2002,2004 Lawskills.com