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Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
GIVENS v. THE STATE.
A91A0193.
BIRDSONG, Presiding Judge.
Aggravated assault. Cobb Superior Court. Before Judge White.
Jeffrey Lynn Givens appeals his conviction for aggravated assault, found upon an indictment alleging that he "did unlawfully make an assault upon the person of Shawn Campbell with a knife, a deadly weapon, by stabbing the said Shawn Campbell in the side during a fight . . . ." Appellant enumerates two errors below. Held:
1. Appellant contends the trial court erred in refusing his timely request to give a jury charge on the lesser included offense of battery. We find no error. The offense of battery is not necessarily a lesser included offense of aggravated assault. See Tuggle v. State, 145 Ga. App. 603, 604 (244 SE2d 131); accord Mathis v. State, 184 Ga. App. 455, 458 (361 SE2d 856). Although the element of physical or bodily harm is a requisite for battery (see OCGA 16-5-23.1), where the physical or bodily harm is committed with a deadly weapon, simple battery is not a lesser included offense. Powell v. State, 140 Ga. App. 36 (230 SE2d 90). An issue of lesser included offense may arise in a case where the use of a deadly weapon is not necessarily alleged and proved (see Tuggle, supra), or where the character of the weapon is in question (see, e.g., Haun v. State, 189 Ga. App. 884 (377 SE2d 878)). However, where the indictment alleges assault with a deadly weapon and the evidence shows that an assault was committed with a deadly weapon, as in this case, aggravated assault is proved beyond a reasonable doubt, and the evidence does not support a finding that the defendant committed a battery. Therefore, the trial court was not required to charge the jury on battery as a lesser included offense. See State v. Alvarado, 260 Ga. 563, 564 (397 SE2d 550). Compare Haun v. State, supra at 884. See also Doss v. State, 166 Ga. App. 361, 362 (304 SE2d 484).
In this case, appellant did not make a specific written request to charge on a lesser included offense of battery, but merely requested "lesser offense" from the Suggested Pattern Jury Instructions. This was insufficient to constitute a specific written request to charge as to battery, and it was not error for the trial court to fail to charge as to battery (see Morrow v. State, 155 Ga. App. 574 (271 SE2d 707)).
According to the standard in Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U. S. 307 (99 SC 2781, 61 LE2d 560), the evidence was sufficient to enable a rational trier of fact to conclude that if appellant committed any offense, he committed aggravated assault, as charged. Powell, supra; see also Shields v. State, 162 Ga. App. 388 (291 SE2d 448).
2. The trial court did not err in charging the jury on the issue of flight. The evidence that appellant did not remain at the scene ( Lindsey v. State, 196 Ga. App. 67 (2) (395 SE2d 328)) raised the issue whether in all the circumstances his act of leaving was due to consciousness of guilt or was attributable to some other cause. See Alexander v. State, 180 Ga. App. 640 (1) (350 SE2d 284). If there is any evidence of flight, however slight, the issue is properly put before the jury. Fredericks v. State, 172 Ga. App. 379, 380 (323 SE2d 265).
Thomas J. Charron, District Attorney, Nancy I. Jordan, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.
David C. Butler, for appellant.
DECIDED JUNE 3, 1991.
Thursday May 21 10:28 EDT


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