Appellant, Ricky Paul Funderburk, appeals his judgment of conviction and sentence for burglary.
The victim's home was burglarized and certain blank checks stolen. Appellant cashed two of these checks within hours of the burglary. Appellant testified that he had been at the victim's house the day of the incident, because a third party had shown him the checks and appellant had obtained possession of the checks to return them to the victim.
Appellant's grandmother testified that she was in the car while appellant was at the victim's home; that appellant went towards the victim's house; that appellant was gone for eight to twelve minutes; that she did not know whether appellant entered the victim's house or not; and that appellant said he had not seen the victim but had observed the victim's car in the yard.
Appellant had previously been employed by the victim, and knew the layout of the house and was familiar with the vicinity where the checkbook was kept.
Appellant made two pretrial statements which conflicted with his trial testimony regarding how he had come into possession of the checks. Held:
1. Appellant asserts that the trial court erred in holding, at the Jackson-Denno hearing, that appellant's two pretrial statements were voluntarily made. We disagree.
"A trial court's findings as to factual determinations and credibility relating to the admissibility of [an appellant's pretrial statement] will be upheld on appeal unless clearly erroneous." Terry v. State, 259 Ga. 165 (2) (377 SE2d 837)
. Examining all relevant evidence contained in the record ( Stapleton v. State, 235 Ga. 513 (1) (220 SE2d 269)
), we are satisfied the trial court's ruling was not clearly erroneous.
To support the verdict, circumstantial evidence must only exclude reasonable hypotheses; it need not exclude every inference or hypothesis except that of the defendant's guilt. Smith v. State, 257 Ga. 381
, 382 (359 SE2d 662
). Viewing the evidence of this case in a light most favorable to the verdict, we conclude that the jury rationally could have found that it excluded every reasonable hypothesis except that of the defendant's guilt. Review of the transcript reveals ample evidence from which any rational trier of fact could have found beyond a reasonable doubt that appellant was guilty of burglary as convicted. Jackson v. Virginia, supra. See generally Hurston v. State, 189 Ga. App. 748 (1) (377 SE2d 519)
3. Appellant asserts that the trial court erred in denying his motion for directed verdict. We disagree. In this case, the evidence is in conflict within the meaning of Taylor v. State, 252 Ga. 125 (1) (312 SE2d 311)
, and the posture of the evidence of record does not demand a verdict of acquittal as a matter of law. Id.; OCGA 17-9-1
(see Division 2, above).
William G. Hamrick, Jr., District Attorney, Agnes T. McCabe, Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.