lawskills
Loading
Did you know you can download our entire database for free?


Resources
[more] 

Georgia Caselaw:
Browse
Greatest Hits

Georgia Code: Browse

(external) Findlaw Georgia Law Resources


This site exists because of donors like you.

Thanks!


Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
FLOYD v. THE STATE.
51401.
CLARK, Judge.
Burglary. Bibb Superior Court. Before Judge Morgan.
Defendant was indicted on two counts of burglary. His jury trial resulted in an acquittal on one count and a conviction on the other. Defendant now appeals from the judgment entered upon the guilty verdict, enumerating as error the general grounds and two evidentiary rulings. Held:
1. Lieutenant Allen of the Bibb County Sheriff's Department investigated the burglaries with which defendant was subsequently charged. In the course of explaining defendant's apprehension, this witness stated, over defense counsel's objection, the license tag number of defendant's vehicle. Since the tag number was reported to the police by an observer who did not testify at trial, defense counsel objected to the vehicle identification as being hearsay. The trial judge overruled the objection, stating that the testimony was admissible "to explain the conduct of the officer." (T. 33). This was a correct ruling under Code 38-302, which permits this type of testimony for the limited purpose of explaining the conduct of the officer in locating the alleged perpetrator of a crime. See Watkins v. State, 231 Ga. 481 (202 SE2d 442); Tanner v. State, 228 Ga. 829, 830 (3) (188 SE2d 512); Jones v. State, 224 Ga. 283 (3) (161 SE2d 302).
2. Defendant's second enumeration alleges error in the admission of a dish towel stolen from the burglarized home. The towel, which was identified by its owner and which was seen by an officer in defendant's vehicle at the time of arrest, was properly admitted as a fruit of the crime. Contrary to defendant's contention, the state sufficiently traced this item's chain of custody. And while the state properly laid this custodial foundation, it was not necessary for it to do so. Unlike fungible items, distinct physical objects which can be identified upon mere observation require no custodial proof for their admission. Starks v. State, 113 Ga. App. 780 (149 SE2d 841); Lord v. State, 134 Ga. App. 683 (215 SE2d 493). Defendant's objection was therefore inapposite and this enumeration is without merit.
3. Defendant's final enumeration challenges the sufficiency of the evidence. The victim testified that her residence was broken into and that the only item missing was a dish towel. A neighbor of the victim testified that she saw a black Cadillac, occupied by one black male, pull out of the driveway of the burglarized home. Defendant, a black male, was apprehended a few hours later standing beside his black Cadillac. He admitted that the car was his and that he had been driving the vehicle earlier that day. The dish towel found in defendant's car was identified by the victim as the item missing from her house following the burglary.
Defendant did not testify at trial and thus made no effort to deny or explain his possession of the towel.
"After the verdict, the testimony is construed in its most favorable light to the prevailing party, which in this case is the State, for every presumption and inference is in favor of the verdict." Wren v. State, 57 Ga. App. 641, 644 (196 SE 146); Bell v. State, 21 Ga. App. 788 (95 SE 270). Accordingly, defendant's enumeration upon the general grounds is without merit.
Fred M. Hasty, District Attorney, Walker P. Johnson, Jr., Assistant District Attorney, for appellee.
Brown, Katz, Dasher & Fiatau, Richard M. Katz, for appellant.
SUBMITTED NOVEMBER 4, 1975 -- DECIDED JANUARY 5, 1976.
Friday May 22 07:55 EDT


This site exists because of donors like you.

Thanks!


Valid HTML 4.0!

Valid CSS!





Home - Tour - Disclaimer - Privacy - Contact Us
Copyright © 2000,2002,2004 Lawskills.com