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RIDDLE v. WALLER et al. (two cases).
HALL, Presiding Judge.
Certiorari to recorder's court. Emanuel Superior Court. Before Judge McMillan.
Both of these cases involve the same basic facts and conduct by the appellant. In one he appeals from the grant of summary judgment on his petition for certiorari to review his conviction for violation of two municipal ordinances. In the other he appeals from the grant of summary judgment in his action against city officials for damages, declaratory judgment and injunctive relief--all pertaining to the enforcement of the ordinances in question.
Simultaneously, he filed in the superior court an action to enjoin the denial of the water and electric services and for a declaratory judgment that the zoning ordinance is unconstitutional. The court granted summary judgment against him in both cases.
1. Appellant's attack upon another ordinance which purports to prohibit a mobile home anywhere within the city is not applicable here since he was neither charged with violating this ordinance nor denied a building permit for this reason.
2. The evidence supports the verdicts in the recorder's court.
3. Appellant contends the industrial classification of the street on which his lot is located is arbitrary and capricious as the street is approximately 80% residential. However, the evidence shows that the particular block in question is located within a larger area which is primarily industrial; that there are three industries on that particular block as well; that the residences located there all pre-date the enactment of the comprehensive zoning ordinance (and are therefore perinitted nonconforming uses under the ordinance only so long as they exist continuously as residences); and that no new residences have been allowed in the district, with one exception which is also being prosecuted. It cannot be said that the classification of this particular street was arbitrary and unreasonable, the only basis for judicial review of zoning classifications. Village of Euclid v. Amber Realty Co., 272 U. S. 365 (47 SC 114, 71 LE 303, 54 ALR 1016).
"Industrial use" does not mean just large factories. It encompasses, for example, a one-man garage workshop. In addition, the ordinance allows within this district businesses customarily serving such industries and public utility structures. There is no showing here that the property cannot be used in any of these ways.
The court did not err in granting summary judgment in both actions.
Williams, Smith, Shepherd & Gray, Sidney B. Shepherd, for appellees.
Guy B. Scott, Jr., for appellant.
Friday May 22 15:09 EDT

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