This case arose by the Peoples Bank, holder of a judgment against Marvin Stone, filing a garnishment against Marvin Stone, as defendant, and McCranie Brothers, as garnishee. The McCranie Brothers filed their answer, showing that they knew the defendant, Marvin Stone, a certain sum. Marvin Stone filed his traverse and objection to the answer of the garnishee, saying that the garnishee was not indebted to him in any sum.
The issue came on to be tried and the jury found in favor of the defendant, Marvin Stone.
The plaintiff, the Peoples Bank, filed their motion for new trial, and their motion for judgment notwithstanding verdict, and the court granted this motion and the appeal is from that judgment. Held:
"A garnishment proceeding makes a case separate and distinct from that in and of which it is instituted. It involves different parties, different issues, and a different cause of action; it requires a special place on the docket, and a separate trial on the merits; and, where instituted in aid of a pending action, it can not be tried until the main case is disposed of by a final judgment. Civil Code (1910), 5269, 5281, 5292; Hammett v. Morris, 55 Ga. 644; Fourth National Bank v. Mayer, 89 Ga. 108 (14 SE 891); N. C. & St. L. R. v. Brown, 3 Ga. App. 561 (60 SE 319)." Jones v. Maril, 19 Ga. App 216 (1) (91 SE 445).
216 (2), supra. For the defendant to become a party it is a condition precedent that the garnishment be dissolved. Jones v. Maril, 19 Ga. App. 216 (2), supra; Foster v. Haynes, 88 Ga. 240 (14 SE 570); Leake v. Tyner, 112 Ga. 919, 922 (38 SE 343) Code 46-401. See also Code 46-303. In the case sub judice the garnishment was not dissolved and therefore the defendant is not a party to the action and the trial court did not have jurisdiction to consider the defendant's traverse. Johnson v. Planters Bank, 34 Ga. App. 241 (2) (129 SE 125). Therefore, all proceedings with regard to the traverse including the verdict and judgment rendered below are nugatory.