Building siding cost 7,206.91 new Monovent siding cost 2,521.48
The defendant answered setting up as a defense that the plaintiff owed the defendant $13,138.39 composed of the following items: "1. Storage of siding from January 29, 1968 to February 28, 1969--$650.00. 2. Purchase of new siding damaged because not properly stored by plaintiff--$7,206.91. 3. Purchase of new flashing--1,650.00. 4. Purchase of new monovent siding--$2,521.48. 5. Labor and handling furnished by defendant--148 hours at $7.50 per hour--$1,110.00."
By amendment to its answer, defendant pleaded an accord and satisfaction, alleging there was a dispute regarding damage to certain siding unloaded by the plaintiff on the building site. Upon the trial of the case, the evidence was undisputed that a letter was written to the plaintiff informing plaintiff that the deduction for the claimed damages would be made from payments and that these deductions were made from the invoices totaling $20,062.46, as shown on the description of payment stub detached from the check issued therefor by the defendant payable to the plaintiff and that plaintiff accepted and cashed the same. Both parties made motions for directed verdict and the trial court directed a verdict for the plaintiff. Held:
"When a creditor receives and retains a sum of money from his debtor less than the amount actually due him with the understanding, either express or implied, that it is received by him in satisfaction of his claim or demand, he cannot thereafter treat it as a nullity and recover the balance, and this is so whether his claim or demand be disputed or undisputed, liquidated or unliquidated; but this rule does not apply where the contract is executory and must be enforced in a court of law. Code 20-1204." Rivers v. Cole Corp., 209 Ga. 406 (73 SE2d 196)
. The acceptance and cashing of the check with the deductions stated thereon, with full knowledge that these deductions had been made, constituted an execution of the contract of accord and satisfaction. The trial court erred, therefore, in directing a verdict for the plaintiff and in refusing to direct a verdict for the defendant; that is, that the defendant was not indebted to the plaintiff. Judgment is reversed with direction that a judgment be entered in favor of the defendant on the plea of accord and satisfaction.
John L. Watson, Jr., James L. Flemister, for appellee.