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Workmen's compensation. Sumter Superior Court. Before Judge Marshall.
NICHOLS, Presiding Judge.
Where only notice of disability is given an employer, and no notice is given that such disability arose out of and in the course of employment, the requirements of Code 114-303 are not met.
Charles Henry Smith sought to recover workmen's compensation as the result of an alleged accidental injury which arose out of and in the course of his employment with Marlette Coach Company. Consolidated Underwriters is the insurance carrier. The deputy director hearing the claim, on motion of the employer, dismissed the claim after hearing evidence because no statutory notice had been given the employer of any accident arising out of and in the course of the claimant's employment. On appeal to the full board the award of the deputy director was set aside and an award rendered by a majority of the board, Chairman Lowery dissenting, awarding compensation. The employer and insurer then appealed to the Superior Court of Sumter County where the award of the full board was affirmed. The employer and insurer now except to the judgment of the superior court adverse to them.
The claimant was originally injured in March, 1959, when he hurt his back when he jumped from a scaffold after losing his balance and notified his employer of such accidental injury, but no claim was filed with the State Board of Workmen's Compensation to recover compensation as a result of such injury during the statutory period. Thereafter, according to the claimant's testimony adduced on the hearing, claimant continued to have trouble with his back when lifting five-gallon cans of a solvent, etc., until he was no longer able to continue his work. On direct examination he was asked if he made a report to his foreman and he answered that he did and when asked the nature of the report he replied: "I told him, I was having trouble with my back. I told him I couldn't pick up those cans and get upon the scaffold, and I got to where I just couldn't hardly go." On cross-examination he testified that he told his foreman that his back was giving him trouble, and when asked if he ever told him that he had injured his back on the job outside of March 4, 1959, he replied: "I don't know, don't believe, I am not sure of that." No other evidence was adduced to show that the notice required by Code 114-303 was given the employer. As was said in Fountain v. Ga. Marble Co., 95 Ga. App. 21, 22 (96 SE2d 656), "While it is true that the evidence presented at the hearing supported the findings of fact that the employer had notice that the claimant was absent from work due to a back injury, where the employer had no notice that such injury was the result of an event, which took place in the course of the claimant's employment . . . this notice did not comply with Code 114-303." See also Smith v. Continental Cas. Co., 102 Ga. App. 559 (116 SE2d 888); Complete Auto Transit v. Reavis, 105 Ga. App. 364 (124 SE2d 491); and Royal Indem. Co. v. Coulter, 213 Ga. 277 (98 SE2d 899). There being no evidence adduced to show that the employer had any notice sufficient to put it on notice to make an investigation if it desired to do so, the award granting compensation was not supported by the evidence and the judgment of the superior court affirming such award must be reversed.
What is above held does not conflict with the decision in Ideal Mut. Ins. Co. v. Ray, 92 Ga. App. 273 (88 SE2d 428), cited by the board in its award, for, as there held, a back injury is compensable where a sudden injury does not take place (where the disability results from continually lifting heavy objects), but the statutory notice of an accidental injury must be given to the employer.
W. F. Blanks, contra.
Woodruff, Latimer, Savell, Lane & Williams, John M. Williams, for plaintiff in error.
Friday May 22 22:46 EDT

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