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Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
AMERICAN CASUALTY COMPANY et al. v. HERRON.
37952.
TOWNSEND, Judge.
Workmen's compensation. Whitfield Superior Court. Before Judge Davis. August 18, 1959.
1. In ascertaining the physical condition of a claimant in a workmen's compensation case, the director has a right to consider the physical appearance of the claimant at the hearing. Bituminous Cas. Corp. v. Wilbanks, 68 Ga. App. 631, 636 (23 S. E. 2d 519); Davis v. Bibb Mfg. Co., 75 Ga. App. 515, 520 (43 S. E. 2d 780) and citations. The hearing director accordingly did not act improperly in considering the physical condition of the claimant as the same appeared to him from observation in the courtroom as a factor substantiating testimony that the claimant was in as good physical condition at that time as before he suffered the hernia on which the claim is based.
2. Where, as here, the claimant testifies that he had been offered other work just prior to the injury and was considering leaving his employment because of personal differences with his present employer, the hearing director may consider such testimony as bearing on the question of whether the claimant had in fact no intention of returning to his employment following the injury, whether or not he was physically able to do so, and whether or not the employer desired his return, the claimant's testimony being that he had not in fact applied for re-employment with his original employer, but had applied for work with an employment agency.
3. The evidence in the case shows the claimant to be an illiterate, unskilled laborer with small capacity for employment other than that involving manual labor, who sustained a hernia on April 2, 1958, underwent surgical repair on May 6, 1958, and was released by his physicians on July, 11, 1958. On October 20, 1958, the claimant's counsel applied for a hearing under Code (Ann.) 114-706 on the ground that the parties failed to agree over the continuance of payment of compensation "for the residuals from a left hernia and left testicle condition." Further compensation was denied by the hearing director, and, on appeal to the full board, by that body. The Judge of the Superior Court of Whitfield County reversed and remanded the case on the ground that the evidence does not support the award as a matter of law.
While there was abundant evidence in the record that the claimant suffered a disability which would preclude him from doing a part of the work he had heretofore been employed to do -- that is, lifting weights in excess of 50 pounds -- and while there was evidence amply supporting the inference that his unemployment was a result of this disability, nevertheless there is medical testimony in the record sufficient to sustain a finding that the claimant's hernia had entirely healed leaving no disability whatever which would have any relation to his ability to labor and earn money. Findings of fact of the board, where based on any competent evidence, are conclusive on the superior court and this court. Merry Bros. Brick &c. Co. v. Holmes, 57 Ga. App. 281 (195 S. E. 223); Hughes v. Hartford Accident &c. Co., 76 Ga. App. 785, 786 (4) (47 S. E. 2d 143).
And in these circumstances where the employer neither pays nor requests a hearing on change of condition, a hearing may be requested by the claimant under Code (Ann.) 114-706, at which hearing the employer has the burden of showing a change of condition sufficient to authorize a cessation or diminution of payments and the entering of a new award. It thus appears from the record that the hearing director erroneously decided the case on the theory that the burden of proof was on the claimant to show that payments should be continued rather than on the employer to show why they had been discontinued. Had the hearing director, and the full board which adopted the findings and award of the hearing director, conceived the burden of proof to be on the opposite party, it is possible that the award would have been otherwise. It follows that the board, in deciding the case under such erroneous legal theory, acted in excess of its powers, and that the judgment of the superior court reversing and remanding the case for further consideration should be sustained.
J. Paxson Amis, contra.
Smith, Field, Doremus & Ringel, Charles L. Drew, Richard D. Carr, for plaintiffs in error.
DECIDED OCTOBER 21, 1959 -- REHEARING DENIED NOVEMBER 12, 1959.
Saturday May 23 00:31 EDT


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