Under the evidence, as it appears in the record before this court, the verdict for the line found and marked by the processioners was demanded; and the plaintiff having failed, in any of the special grounds of the motion for new trial, to carry the burden of showing harmful error, the judgment refusing a new trial is affirmed.
This is a processioning case. J. G. Crowley applied to the processioners in his district of Cook County to survey and mark anew the line between his property and that of Jewel Lindsey Varn. Mrs. Varn having been duly notified, the processioners met with the county surveyor of an adjoining county and proceeded to survey and mark a line between the lands of Crowley and Mrs. Varn, and thereafter made their return, together with their plat, to the Ordinary of Cook County. Within the time provided by law, Crowley, the applicant, filed his protest to the return, and the proceedings were transmitted to the superior court, where a trial of the issues was had. The jury: returned a verdict in favor of or confirming the line found by the processioners, and the protestant made a motion for new trial on the general grounds and on 2 special grounds. The trial court overruled that motion, and the exception here is to that ruling.
In Georgia Talc Co. v. Cohutta Talc Co., 140 Ga. 245 (78 S. E. 905), it was held: "1. On the issue formed by a protest to the return of processioners, the burden is on the applicant to make a prima facie case"; and that "4. . . . the return of the processioners is to be deemed prima facie correct." In that case, as in this one, the return of the processioners was adverse to the contentions of the applicant and the applicant was the protestant. The first-quoted rule has also been applied in Ratteree v. Morrow, 71 Ga. 528 (1); Chism v. Wilkerson, 134 Ga. 636 (68 S. E. 425); Reynolds v. Kinsey, 50 Ga. App. 385, 387 (5) (178 S. E. 200); and in Davis v. Terrell, 70 Ga. App. 478 (1) (28 S. E. 2d 590). The second rule has also been applied in McCollum v. Thomason, 33 Ga. App. 160, 163 (7) (122 S. E. 800). The burden is also upon the plaintiff in error to affirmatively show by the record harmful error. Hudspeth v. Scarborough, 69 Ga. 777, 778 (4); Saliba v. Saliba, 201 Ga. 681, 688 (40 S. E. 2d 732); Hall v. State, 202 Ga. 619, 620 (2) (44 S. E. 2d 234). When the case is brought to this court, we must decide the questions presented by the bill of exceptions in the light of the entire record before this court; and, if viewed in that light, no harmful error appears, the judgment of the trial court will be affirmed.
We have carefully examined the evidence in this case, and are satisfied that the evidence as presented by the record is wholly insufficient to carry that burden. The plat or drawing accompanying this opinion is a substantial copy of the only plat incorporated in the record. The applicant's evidence, as it appears in the record, is in such condition that it is impossible for this court to understand it, and we cannot say that it was sufficient to prove one salient point necessary to the applicant's case or sufficient to overcome in any particular the prima facie case made by Mrs. Varn's evidence, which included the return and plat of the processioners. In the first place, it is replete with references to a plat which the applicant (who was the only witness on his side of the issue) apparently was exhibiting to the jury during his testimony, but which is not incorporated in the record. Extracts from the first two pages of the brief of the evidence will serve to illustrate what is meant by the ruling here made. The witness testified in part: (Pointing to drawing) "This is the pond and some land back here that I sold Mr. Saunders, and it comes down here to a drean and went across here like that, and this land is my farm there now; and this here piece of land through here is the land that is in question. That is the Valdosta and Nashville Public road that leads by Hutchinson's Mill Pond. This green irregular line is Hutchinson's Mill Creek. The dark lines represent the original lines. Four lots corner right there. This green irregular line is a drean coming out of my field and comes right on down across a little road and down to this creek. The red dotted line is a line that was run here some time ago--many years ago-- across here to the road by Mr. Jim Varn, I reckon, twelve or fourteen years ago. Mr. Griffin at Sparks, the surveyor of Cook County, run this line again at my instance after I came up here and saw that line and knew that I was short land and that there was something wrong with it . . . Since Mr. Griffin ran the line represented by the red dots, Mr. Lindsey, a surveyor, and the processioners have run the line. The red dotted line is the processioners' line. The South boundary of my land joins land that belonged to Eva M. Mathis, now Eva M. Keene. This land now belongs to Mrs. Varn (Defendant). (Pointing to the prepared drawing and referring to his deed the witness testified as follows as to where he contended the line to be): This corner over here on the east side is the bay. There is no question about that down here to this drean. And from there on when my land was checked up short and I found that, through my lawyers, their deed come down to this drean and then south onto this original line, I contended that this was my land and I joined her here to the drean and joined her down here into the road, which will give me the land that I am short."
This testimony, without the benefit of the plat or drawing being used by the witness, is wholly unintelligible to this court and absolutely worthless insofar as being evidence of the location of the line as contended by the applicant. Indeed, it is not apparent that, if we had the plat before us, we could understand the testimony for we could not be certain as to what the witness was referring to when he used such terms as "this pond," "back here," "down here," "across here," "this land," "this green irregular line," "this corner over here," etc.
With the evidence on behalf of the applicant in this condition in the record, it was, as we have said, so far as we are able to discern, insufficient to prove any relevant fact. The testimony quoted above is typical of much of the applicant's evidence, and is typical of all of his evidence that might have been relevant to show where he contended the true line was. None of the evidence introduced in behalf of Mrs. Varn necessarily tended to overcome the prima facie case made out in behalf of the line run by the processioners.
It follows that the evidence, insofar as it appears from the record before this court, demanded the verdict found by the jury; and, under the rules of law set out at the beginning of this opinion, the applicant (plaintiff in error) failed to carry the burden of showing harmful or reversible error, since any error of the court in instructing the jury or in failing to instruct the jury could not have been harmful to the applicant, the verdict being demanded; and therefore the special grounds are not considered.
Judgment affirmed. Felton, C. J., and Nichols, J., concur.