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Georgia State Code
Title      31
Chapter       6  
Section Navigation        1 ... 41         42 ... 49    
    50 ... 70      
Section1 2 20 21 21.1 22 40 40.1 40.2 41 >>>  
Title 31, Chapter 6, Section 2 (31-6-2)

As used in this chapter, the term:

(1) "Ambulatory surgical or obstetrical facility" means a public or private facility, not a part of a hospital, which provides surgical or obstetrical treatment performed under general or regional anesthesia in an operating room environment to patients not requiring hospitalization.

(2) "Application" means a written request for a certificate of need made to the department, containing such documentation and information as the department may require.

(3) "Bed capacity" means space used exclusively for inpatient care, including space designed or remodeled for inpatient beds even though temporarily not used for such purposes. The number of beds to be counted in any patient room shall be the maximum number for which adequate square footage is provided as established by rules of the Department of Human Resources, except that single beds in single rooms shall be counted even if the room contains inadequate square footage.

(4) "Certificate of need" means an official determination by the department, evidenced by certification issued pursuant to an application, that the action proposed in the application satisfies and complies with the criteria contained in this chapter and rules promulgated pursuant hereto.

(5) "Clinical health services" means diagnostic, treatment, or rehabilitative services provided in a health care facility, or parts of the physical plant where such services are located in a health care facility, and includes, but is not limited to, the following: radiology and diagnostic imaging, such as magnetic resonance imaging and positron emission tomography; radiation therapy; biliary lithotripsy; surgery; intensive care; coronary care; pediatrics; gynecology; obstetrics; general medical care; medical/surgical care; inpatient nursing care, whether intermediate, skilled, or extended care; cardiac catheterization; open-heart surgery; inpatient rehabilitation; and alcohol, drug abuse, and mental health services.

(6) "Consumer" means a person who is not employed by any health care facility or provider and who has no financial or fiduciary interest in any health care facility or provider.

(6.1) "Department" means the Department of Community Health established under Chapter 5A of this title.

(7) "Develop," with reference to a project, means:

(A) Constructing, remodeling, installing, or proceeding with a project, or any part of a project, or a capital expenditure project, the cost estimate for which exceeds $900,000.00; or

(B) The expenditure or commitment of funds exceeding $500,000.00 for orders, purchases, leases, or acquisitions through other comparable arrangements of major medical equipment.

Notwithstanding subparagraphs (A) and (B) of this paragraph, the expenditure or commitment or incurring an obligation for the expenditure of funds to develop certificate of need applications, studies, reports, schematics, preliminary plans and specifications, or working drawings or to acquire, develop, or prepare sites shall not be considered to be the developing of a project.

(7.1) "Diagnostic, treatment, or rehabilitation center" means any professional or business undertaking, whether for profit or not for profit, which offers or proposes to offer any clinical health service in a setting which is not part of a hospital.

(8) "Health care facility" means hospitals; other special care units, including but not limited to podiatric facilities; skilled nursing facilities; intermediate care facilities; personal care homes; ambulatory surgical or obstetrical facilities; health maintenance organizations; home health agencies; diagnostic, treatment, or rehabilitation centers, but only to the extent that subparagraph (G) or (H), or both subparagraphs (G) and (H), of paragraph (14) of this Code section are applicable thereto; and facilities which are devoted to the provision of treatment and rehabilitative care for periods continuing for 24 hours or longer for persons who have traumatic brain injury, as defined in Code Section 37-3-1.

(9) "Health maintenance organization" means a public or private organization organized under the laws of this state which:

(A) Provides or otherwise makes available to enrolled participants health care services, including at least the following basic health care services: usual physicians' services, hospitalization, laboratory, X-ray, emergency and preventive services, and out-of-area coverage;

(B) Is compensated, except for copayments, for the provision of the basic health care services listed in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph to enrolled participants on a predetermined periodic rate basis; and

(C) Provides physicians' services primarily:

(i) Directly through physicians who are either employees or partners of such organization; or

(ii) Through arrangements with individual physicians organized on a group practice or individual practice basis.

(10) "Health Strategies Council" or "council" means the body created by this chapter to advise the Department of Community Health and adopt the state health plan.

(11) "Home health agency" means a public agency or private organization, or a subdivision of such an agency or organization, which is primarily engaged in providing to individuals who are under a written plan of care of a physician, on a visiting basis in the places of residence used as such individuals' homes, part-time or intermittent nursing care provided by or under the supervision of a registered professional nurse, and one or more of the following services: (A) Physical therapy;

(B) Occupational therapy;

(C) Speech therapy;

(D) Medical social services under the direction of a physician; or

(E) Part-time or intermittent services of a home health aide.

(12) "Hospital" means an institution which is primarily engaged in providing to inpatients, by or under the supervision of physicians, diagnostic services and therapeutic services for medical diagnosis, treatment, and care of injured, disabled, or sick persons or rehabilitation services for the rehabilitation of injured, disabled, or sick persons. Such term includes public, private, psychiatric, rehabilitative, geriatric, osteopathic, and other specialty hospitals.

(13) "Intermediate care facility" means an institution which provides, on a regular basis, health related care and services to individuals who do not require the degree of care and treatment which a hospital or skilled nursing facility is designed to provide but who, because of their mental or physical condition, require health related care and services beyond the provision of room and board.

(14) "New institutional health service" means:

(A) The construction, development, or other establishment of a new health care facility;

(B) Any expenditure by or on behalf of a health care facility in excess of $900,000.00 which, under generally accepted accounting principles consistently applied, is a capital expenditure, except expenditures for acquisition of an existing health care facility not owned or operated by or on behalf of a political subdivision of this state, or any combination of such political subdivisions, or by or on behalf of a hospital authority, as defined in Article 4 of Chapter 7 of this title or certificate of need owned by such facility in connection with its acquisition;

(C) Any increase in the bed capacity of a health care facility except as provided in Code Section 31-6-47;

(D) Clinical health services which are offered in or through a health care facility, which were not offered on a regular basis in or through such health care facility within the 12 month period prior to the time such services would be offered;

(E) Any conversion or upgrading of a facility such that it is converted from a type of facility not covered by this chapter to any of the types of health care facilities which are covered by this chapter;

(F) The purchase or lease by or on behalf of a health care facility of diagnostic or therapeutic equipment with a value in excess of $500,000.00. The acquisition of one or more items of functionally related diagnostic or therapeutic equipment shall be considered as one project;

(G) Clinical health services which are offered in or through a diagnostic, treatment, or rehabilitation center which were not offered on a regular basis in or through that center within the 12 month period prior to the time such services would be offered, but only if the clinical health services are any of the following:

(i) Radiation therapy;

(ii) Biliary lithotripsy;

(iii) Surgery in an operating room environment, including but not limited to ambulatory surgery; provided, however, this provision shall not apply to surgery performed in the offices of an individual private physician or single group practice of private physicians if such surgery is performed in a facility that is owned, operated, and utilized by such physicians who also are of a single specialty and the capital expenditure associated with the construction, development, or other establishment of the clinical health service does not exceed the amount of $1 million; and

(iv) Cardiac catheterization; or

(H) The purchase, lease, or other use by or on behalf of a diagnostic, treatment, or rehabilitation center of diagnostic or therapeutic equipment with a value in excess of $500,000.00. The acquisition of one or more items of functionally related diagnostic or therapeutic equipment shall be considered as one project.

The dollar amounts specified in subparagraphs (B), (F), and (H) of this paragraph, division (iii) of subparagraph (G) of this paragraph, and of paragraph (7) of this Code section shall be adjusted annually by an amount calculated by multiplying such dollar amounts (as adjusted for the preceding year) by the annual percentage of change in the composite construction index, or its successor or appropriate replacement index, if any, published by the Bureau of the Census of the Department of Commerce of the United States government for the preceding calendar year, commencing on July 1, 1991, and on each anniversary thereafter of publication of the index. The department shall immediately institute rule-making procedures to adopt such adjusted dollar amounts. In calculating the dollar amounts of a proposed project for purposes of subparagraphs (B), (F), and (H) of this paragraph, division (iii) of subparagraph (G) of this paragraph, and of paragraph (7) of this Code section, the costs of all items subject to review by this chapter and items not subject to review by this chapter associated with and simultaneously developed or proposed with the project shall be counted, except for the expenditure or commitment of or incurring an obligation for the expenditure of funds to develop certificate of need applications, studies, reports, schematics, preliminary plans and specifications or working drawings, or to acquire sites.

(15) "Nonclinical health services" means services or functions provided or performed by a health care facility, and the parts of the physical plant where they are located in a health care facility that are not diagnostic, therapeutic, or rehabilitative services to patients and are not clinical health services defined in this chapter.

(16) "Offer" means that the health care facility is open for the acceptance of patients or performance of services and has qualified personnel, equipment, and supplies necessary to provide specified clinical health services.

(16.1) "Operating room environment" means an environment which meets the minimum physical plant and operational standards specified on January 1, 1991, for ambulatory surgical treatment centers in Section 290-5-33-.10 of the rules of the Department of Human Resources.

(17) "Person" means any individual, trust or estate, partnership, corporation (including associations, joint-stock companies, and insurance companies), state, political subdivision, hospital authority, or instrumentality (including a municipal corporation) of a state as defined in the laws of this state.

(18) "Personal care home" means a residential facility having at least 25 beds and providing, for compensation, protective care and oversight of ambulatory, nonrelated persons who need a monitored environment but who do not have injuries or disabilities which require chronic or convalescent care, including medical, nursing, or intermediate care. Personal care homes include those facilities which monitor daily residents' functioning and location, have the capability for crisis intervention, and provide supervision in areas of nutrition, medication, and provision of transient medical care. Such term does not include:

(A) Old age residences which are devoted to independent living units with kitchen facilities in which residents have the option of preparing and serving some or all of their own meals; or

(B) Boarding facilities which do not provide personal care.

(19) Reserved.

(20) "Project" means a proposal to take an action for which a certificate of need is required under this chapter. A project or proposed project may refer to the proposal from its earliest planning stages up through the point at which the new institutional health service is offered.

(21) "Review board" means the Health Planning Review Board created by this chapter.

(22) "Skilled nursing facility" means a public or private institution or a distinct part of an institution which is primarily engaged in providing inpatient skilled nursing care and related services for patients who require medical or nursing care or rehabilitation services for the rehabilitation of injured, disabled, or sick persons.

(23) "State health plan" means a comprehensive program adopted by the Health Strategies Council, approved by the Governor, and implemented by the State of Georgia for the purpose of providing adequate health care services and facilities throughout the state.

Defined terms referenced in this section:
Saturday May 23 15:19 EDT


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