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Georgia State Code
Title      33
Chapter      40  
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Title 33, Chapter 40, Section 2 (33-40-2)

As used in this chapter, the term:

(1) "Commissioner" means the Commissioner of Insurance of the State of Georgia or the commissioner, director, or superintendent of insurance in any other state.

(2) "Completed operations liability" means liability arising out of the installation, maintenance, or repair of any product at a site which is not owned or controlled by any person who performs that work or any person who hires an independent contractor to perform that work and shall include liability for activities which are completed or abandoned before the date of the occurrence giving rise to the liability.

(3) "Domicile," for purposes of determining the state in which a purchasing group is domiciled, means the state in which the purchasing group is incorporated if it is a corporation or, if the purchasing group is an unincorporated entity, the state of its principal place of business.

(4) "Hazardous financial condition" means that, based on its present or reasonably anticipated financial condition, a risk retention group, although not yet financially impaired or insolvent, is unlikely to be able to meet obligations to policyholders with respect to known claims and reasonably anticipated claims or is unlikely to be able to pay other obligations in the normal course of business.

(5) "Insurance" means primary insurance, excess insurance, reinsurance, surplus lines insurance, and any other arrangement for shifting and distributing risk which is determined to be insurance under the laws of this state.

(6) "Liability" means:

(A) Legal liability for damages, including costs of defense; legal costs and fees; and other claims expenses, because of injuries to other persons, damage to their property, or other damage or loss to such other persons resulting from or arising out of any nonprofit or for profit business, trade, product, services, including professional services, premises, or operations or any activity of any state or local government or any agency or political subdivision thereof; and

(B) Does not include personal risk liability and an employer's liability with respect to its employees other than legal liability under the federal Employers' Liability Act, 45 U.S.C. Section 51, et seq.

(7) "Personal risk liability" means liability for damages because of injury to any person, damage to property, or other loss or damage resulting from any personal, familial, or household responsibilities or activities, rather than from responsibilities or activities referred to in paragraph (6) of this Code section.

(8) "Plan of operation or a feasibility study" means an analysis which presents the expected activities and results of a risk retention group, including, at a minimum, the following: (A) The coverages, deductibles, coverage limits, rates, and rating classification systems for each line of insurance the group intends to offer;

(B) Historical and expected loss experience of the proposed members and national experience of similar exposures;

(C) Pro forma financial statements and projections;

(D) Appropriate opinions by a qualified, independent casualty actuary, including a determination of minimum premium or participation levels required to commence operations and to prevent a hazardous financial condition;

(E) Identification of management, underwriting procedures, managerial oversight methods, and investment policies; and

(F) Such other matters as may be prescribed by the Commissioner for casualty or liability insurance companies authorized by this title.

(9) "Product liability" means liability for damages because of any personal injury, death, emotional harm, consequential economic damage, or property damage, including damages resulting from the loss of use of property, arising out of the manufacture, design, importation, distribution, packaging, labeling, lease, or sale of a product, but does not include the liability of any person for those damages if the product involved was in the possession of such a person when the incident giving rise to the claim occurred.

(10) "Purchasing group" means any group which:

(A) Has as one of its purposes the purchase of liability insurance on a group basis;

(B) Purchases such insurance only for its group members and only to cover their similar or related liability exposure, as described in subparagraph (C) of this paragraph;

(C) Is composed of members whose businesses or activities are similar or related with respect to the liability to which members are exposed by virtue of any related, similar, or common business, trade, product, services, premises, or operations; and

(D) Is domiciled in any state.

(11) "Risk retention group" means any corporation or other limited liability association formed under the laws of any state, Bermuda, or the Cayman Islands:

(A) Whose primary activity consists of assuming and spreading all, or any portion, of the liability exposure of its group members;

(B) Which is organized for the primary purpose of conducting the activity described under subparagraph (A) of this paragraph;

(C) Which:

(i) Is chartered and licensed as a liability insurance company and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of any state; or

(ii) Before January 1, 1985, was chartered or licensed and authorized to engage in the business of insurance under the laws of Bermuda or the Cayman Islands and, before such date, had certified to the insurance commissioner of at least one state that it satisfied the capitalization requirements of such state, except that any such group shall be considered to be a risk retention group only if it has been engaged in business continuously since such date and only for the purpose of continuing to provide insurance to cover product liability or completed operations liability as such terms were defined in the federal Product Liability Risk Retention Act of 1981 as such act existed prior to October 27, 1986;

(D) Which does not exclude any person from membership in the group solely to provide for members of such a group a competitive advantage over such a person;

(E) Which has as its members only persons who have an ownership interest in the group and has as its owners only persons who are members who are provided insurance by the risk retention group or which has as its sole member and sole owner an organization which is owned by persons who are provided insurance by the risk retention group;

(F) Whose members are engaged in businesses or activities similar or related with respect to the liability to which such members are exposed by virtue of any related, similar, or common business trade, product, services, premises, or operations;

(G) Whose activities do not include the provision of insurance other than:

(i) Liability insurance for assuming and spreading all or any portion of the liability of its group members; and

(ii) Reinsurance with respect to the liability of any other risk retention group which is engaged in businesses or activities so that such group or member meets the requirement described in subparagraph (F) of this paragraph for membership in the risk retention group which provides such reinsurance; and

(H) The name of which includes the phrase "risk retention group."

(12) "State" means any state of the United States or the District of Columbia.

Sunday May 24 12:59 EDT


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