Title 49, Chapter 5, Section 180
As used in this article, the term:
(1) "Abuse investigator" means the department, any local
department of family and children services, law enforcement
agency, or district attorney or designee thereof.
(2) "Abuse registry" means the Child Protective Services Information System required to be established by Code Section 49-5-181.
(3) "Abused" means subjected to child abuse.
(3.1) "Administrative law judge" means the person who conducts a
hearing for the Office of State Administrative Hearings pursuant
to this article.
(3.2) "Alleged child abuser" means a person deemed to be an alleged child abuser pursuant to Code Section 49-5-183.1.
(4) "Child" means any person under 18 years of age.
(5) "Child abuse" means:
(A) Physical injury or death inflicted upon a child by a parent or caretaker thereof by other than accidental means, and this shall be deemed to be physical abuse for purposes of the classification required by paragraph (4) of subsection (b) of Code Section 49-5-183; provided, however, physical forms of discipline may be used as long as there is no physical injury to the child;
(B) Neglect or exploitation of a child by a parent or caretaker thereof if said neglect or exploitation consists of a lack of supervision, abandonment, or intentional or unintentional disregard by a parent or caretaker of a child's basic needs for food, shelter, medical care, or education as evidenced by repeated incidents or a single incident which places the child at substantial risk of harm, and this shall be deemed to be child neglect for purposes of the classification required by paragraph (4) of subsection (b) of Code Section 49-5-183; and
(C) Sexual abuse of a child, and this shall be deemed to be sexual abuse for purposes of the classification required by paragraph (4) of subsection (b) of Code Section 49-5-183.
No child who in good faith is being treated solely by spiritual
means through prayer in accordance with the tenets and practices
of a recognized church or religious denomination by a duly
accredited practitioner thereof shall, for that reason alone, be
considered to be an abused child.
(6) "Confirmed" means that an investigation by an abuse
investigator has revealed that there is equal or greater credible
evidence that child abuse occurred than the credible evidence that
child abuse did not occur.
(6.1) "DFACS office" means the principal office of a county
department of family and children services.
(7) "Division" means the Division of Family and Children Services
of the Department of Human Resources.
(8) "Out-of-state abuse investigator" means a public child
protective agency or law enforcement agency of any other state
bound by confidentiality requirements as to information obtained
under this article which are similar to those provided in this
(8.1) "Sexual abuse" means a person's employing, using,
persuading, inducing, enticing, or coercing any minor who is not
that person's spouse to engage in any act which involves:
(A) Sexual intercourse, including genital-genital, oral-genital,
anal-genital, or oral-anal, whether between persons of the same
or opposite sex;
(D) Lewd exhibition of the genitals or pubic area of any person;
(E) Flagellation or torture by or upon a person who is nude;
(F) Condition of being fettered, bound, or otherwise physically
restrained on the part of a person who is nude;
(G) Physical contact in an act of apparent sexual stimulation or
gratification with any person's clothed or unclothed genitals,
pubic area, or buttocks or with a female's clothed or unclothed
(H) Defecation or urination for the purpose of sexual
(I) Penetration of the vagina or rectum by any object except
when done as part of a recognized medical procedure; or
(J) Sexual exploitation.
Sexual abuse shall not include consensual sex acts involving
persons of the opposite sex when the sex acts are between minors
or between a minor and an adult who is not more than five years
older than the minor. This provision shall not be deemed or
construed to repeal any law concerning the age or capacity to
(9) "Sexual exploitation" means conduct by a person who allows,
permits, encourages, or requires a child to engage in:
(A) Prostitution, as defined in Code Section 16-6-9; or
(B) Sexually explicit conduct for the purpose of producing any visual or print medium depicting such conduct, as defined in Code Section 16-12-100.
(10) "Unconfirmed" means that an investigation by an abuse
investigator has revealed that there is some credible evidence
that child abuse occurred but there is not sufficient credible
evidence to classify that child abuse as confirmed.
(12) "Unfounded" means that an investigation by an abuse
investigator has determined that there is no credible evidence
that child abuse occurred.