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Title 7, Chapter 1, Section 285 (7-1-285)

(a) A bank shall not at any time:

(1) Make loans to any one person or corporation; or

(2) Have obligations owing to it from any one person or corporation as a result of purchasing or discounting evidences of indebtedness or agreements for the payment of money,

where the aggregate of said loans and obligations together exceeds 15 percent of the statutory capital base of the bank unless each loan, discount, or purchase transaction in excess of said 15 percent limit is approved in advance by the board of directors or a committee authorized to act for it.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this Code section, a bank shall not directly or indirectly make loans to any one person or corporation which in aggregate exceed 15 percent of the statutory capital base of the bank unless the entire amount of such loans is secured by good collateral or other ample security and does not exceed 25 percent of the statutory capital base. Except as otherwise indicated in subsection (c) of this Code section, the purchase or discount of agreements for the payment of money or evidences of indebtedness shall be regarded as indirect loans to the person or corporation receiving the proceeds of such transactions. In estimating loans to any individual person, all amounts loaned to firms and partnerships of which he is a member shall be included.

(c) The limitations of subsection (b) of this Code section shall not apply to:

(1) Obligations arising from the purchase or discount of drafts drawn in good faith against actually existing values or commercial or business paper actually owned by the person negotiating the paper to the extent of 25 percent of the statutory capital base of the bank;

(2) Obligations arising from the bona fide purchase of commercial or business paper, subject to restrictions which the department may impose by regulation, taken in sale or service transactions incident to a business where the party to whom the goods or services are provided is obligated on the paper;

(3) Obligations in the form of bona fide loans upon the security of agricultural, manufactured, or industrial products or livestock (or documents of title covering such property) for which there is a ready sale in open market, provided no more than 80 percent of the market value of such products is loaned or advanced thereon, the bank has the right to demand additional collateral to maintain this ratio and does so maintain it, and the bank's interest in such collateral is fully protected by insurance against loss by fire and other standard hazards; and provided, further, that such obligations shall qualify for exemption for not more than ten months if secured by nonperishable staples and for not more than six months if secured by frozen or refrigerated staples;

(4) Obligations of and obligations guaranteed by:

(A) The United States; (B) The State of Georgia or a public body thereof authorized to levy taxes; or

(C) Any state of the United States or any public body thereof if the obligations or guarantees are general obligations;

(5) Obligations to the extent secured by:

(A) Obligations specified in paragraph (6) of this subsection;

(B) Obligations which the bank would be authorized to acquire without limit as investment securities pursuant to Code Section 7-1-287;

(C) Obligations fully guaranteed by the United States;

(D) Guaranties or commitments or agreements to take over or purchase made by any public body of the United States or any corporation owned directly or indirectly by the United States; or

(E) Loan agreements between a local public agency or a public housing agency and an instrumentality of the United States pursuant to national housing legislation under which funds will be provided for payment of the obligations secured by such loan agreements;

(6) Obligations in the form of investment securities acquired pursuant to Code Section 7-1-287;

(7) Obligations with respect to acceptances under Code Section 7-1-284; and

(8) Obligations with respect to the sale of federal or correspondent funds to financial institutions having their deposits insured to the same extent as that required of similar institutions chartered in this state.

(d) In lieu of following the limitations contained in subsections (a) through (c) of this Code section, a bank may petition the department for approval to utilize limits applicable to national banks regarding obligations of a single person or corporation.

(e) The department may, by regulation not inconsistent with this Code section, prescribe definitions of and requirements for transactions included in or excluded from the indebtedness to which this Code section applies. The department may also by regulation prescribe less restrictive limitations than those listed in subsections (a) through (c) of this Code section for banks meeting certain financial and management criteria. In addition, the department may, by regulation or otherwise, specify that the liabilities of a group of one or more persons or corporations or both shall be considered as owed by one person or corporation for the purposes of this Code section because the group relies substantially on a common source for the payment of its obligations or makes common use of funds received by it.

Sunday May 24 20:27 EDT

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