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Lawskills.com Georgia Caselaw
MATHIS v. THE STATE.
23546.
Rape. Jackson Superior Court. Before Judge Dunahoo.
ALMAND, Justice.
1. Defendant having presented no evidence to support his challenge to the array of jurors, he failed to rebut the presumption that the impaneling and drawing of the jury was according to law, and it was not error for the court to overrule the challenge.
2. Defendant cannot complain that the court admitted certain testimony over objection where defendant's counsel subsequently elicited from a witness evidence similar to what he had previously objected to.
4. Grounds 4 and 5 of the enumeration of errors complaining of the exclusion of certain testimony and the court's charge on the law of admissions in criminal cases respectively are without merit.
Albert J. Mathis, under an indictment charging him with the offense of rape, was on his trial found guilty, with a recommendation of mercy, and sentenced to a term of 15 years. The case is here on appeal in which error is enumerated in six grounds.
1. On the call of this case, the defendant filed his challenge to the array of the jurors on the following grounds: "1. Said jury list placed upon him has been altered, changed and arranged from its original form in the order from which the names were originally drawn and selected to serve as jurors and allteded [sic] from the order said jurors were impanneled [sic] in this the August term of this court in that the last 23 names appearing on said panel placed upon the juror have been systematically removed from their original order. 2. Because of the systematic rearrangement of said jury panel, the movant herein is denied his constitutional right to a fair and impartial trial by jury of his peers and the laws in such cases, made and provided." The court overruled the challenge. No evidence was submitted to support this challenge. The burden was upon the defendant to show any irregularity in the drawing or impaneling the jury in order to rebut the presumption that the jury was drawn and impanelled according to the law. Enumerated error No. 1 is without merit.
The two G.B.I. agents testified, over objection, that they, after interviewing the aggrieved female, interviewed Ralph Kimzey, a nephew of the defendant, who was with the defendant and the aggrieved female on the night she claimed she was assaulted. Kimzey told the officers that the defendant and the female left his presence and shortly thereafter the female returned and related the details of the defendant having had intercourse by force with her. The defendant objected on the ground that the statements made by Kimzey were out of the presence of the defendant and were hearsay.
Subsequently, the defendant put Kimzey on the stand as a witness in his behalf. His counsel examined the witness and elicited the same evidence which the G.B.I. agents had previously testified to. The defendant, having brought out the same evidence to which he had previously objected, cannot be heard to complain as to the State's introduction of similar evidence.
3. Ground No. 5 asserts that the court erred in charging the jury on the law of conspiracy.
The court prefaced the charge by stating, "in this case, evidence has been admitted concerning certain statements claimed to have been made by a co-defendant in this case of, the State versus Albert J. Mathis," and the court followed this statement with a full charge relating to the law of conspiracy in a criminal case.
There being no evidence of any conspiracy between the defendant and Kimzey to have intercourse forcibly with the female, it was error for the court to charge on the law of conspiracy. Birmingham & Atlantic Air-Line R. &c. Co. v. Walker, 101 Ga. 183 (3) (28 SE 534); Johnson v. State, 186 Ga. 324 (2) (197 SE 786).
4. We have examined ground No. 4 complaining that the court erred in excluding certain testimony of Ralph Kimzey and ground No. 5 complaining that the court erred in its charge on the law relating to admissions in criminal cases. We have found them to be without substance or merit.
A new trial is ordered by reason of the error set out in Division 3 of this opinion.
There is no enumeration of error as to the sufficiency of the evidence to support the verdict, and we accordingly make no ruling in this regard.
Floyd G. Hoard, Solicitor General, Arthur K. Bolton, Attorney General, Rubye G. Jackson, Assistant Attorney General, for appellee.
Jack C. Bell, for appellant.
SUBMITTED JUNE 14, 1966 -- DECIDED JULY 7, 1966.
Friday May 22 20:20 EDT


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