The appellant and a co-defendant, Lamar Leary, were jointly convicted of felony murder, based on evidence that they shot and killed Henry Jackson. 1
The appellant brings this appeal from the denial of his motion for new trial.
incriminating statements were made shortly after the crime occurred, were made prior to arrest, and were non-custodial statements made to acquaintances . . . rather than to police officers [and] . . . the requirements of OCGA 24-3-5
have been met.
Because the circumstances are the same as in Brown v. State, supra, we hold that the trial court did not manifestly abuse its discretion in refusing to grant a severance. See Leary v. State, 260 Ga. 730 (2) (399 SE2d 63) (1991)
2. The appellant contends that the trial court erred in refusing to declare a mistrial based on "prosecutorial misconduct." However, the transcript reveals that counsel actually sought a dismissal with prejudice which he referred to as a motion for mistrial, and that when the trial court refused, he withdrew his motion. Accordingly, these enumerations present nothing for review.
3. The appellant's remaining enumeration of error is directed to the court's charge concerning reasonable doubt in which it referenced "reasonable and moral certainty." We find no error. Although the better charge would not include that phrase, we held in Vance v. State, 262 Ga. 236 (2) (416 SE2d 516) (1992)
that a similar instruction "created no reversible error when 'considered in the context of the charge as a whole.' [Cit.]"