Appellee's house burned in a fire started in a fireplace in which he was using a wood-burning stove manufactured by appellant and installed by an employee of the hardware store which sold the stove to appellee. Appellee sued both the manufacturer and the seller, alleging as to appellant that the stove was defective and that appellant failed to give adequate warnings concerning the dangers inherent in using the stove. We granted appellant's application for interlocutory appeal in order to review the denial of appellant's motion for summary judgment.
1. After appellant filed its motion for summary judgment, appellee submitted the affidavits of expert witnesses concerning design and manufacturing defects in the stove. Appellant argues that the testimony of those same experts on deposition refuted their earlier statements and pierced the allegations of the complaint regarding the existence of a defect in the stove. We disagree.
Although appellant's counsel elicited testimony from one expert in which he stated that he found no defect in the stove itself, the testimony of another of appellee's experts is not so helpful to appellant. That witness had submitted an affidavit in which he stated that the stove was defectively designed. On deposition, appellant's counsel elicited testimony from that witness to the effect that the particular cause of the fire in this case, most likely a creosote buildup due to placement of the vent of the stove under the lintel of the chimney, resulted from the placement of the stove into a fireplace too small for it. However, it was also inferable from that witness' testimony that the design of the stove was defective in that the location of the vent in a more forward position than that employed by other stove manufacturers rendered it more dangerous in a too-small fireplace than it should have been.
"Under OCGA 9-11-56
(c), on a motion for summary judgment the movant has the burden of showing affirmatively that there is no genuine issue of material fact, and that he is entitled to judgment as a matter of law. Moreover, when the movant is the defendant, he has the additional burden of piercing the plaintiff's allegations and affirmatively negating at least one essential element of the plaintiff's case. [Cit.]" Capital Ford &c. Sales v. U. S. Fire Ins. Co., 180 Ga. App. 413
, 420 (349 SE2d 201
) (1986). "In ruling on a motion for summary judgment, a trial court must give the opposing party the benefit of all reasonable doubts and favorable inferences that may be drawn from the evidence. [Cit.]" Myers v. Barnard, 180 Ga. App. 192
, 193 (348 SE2d 733
Under the principles stated, the inference drawn from the expert's testimony creates a question of fact concerning whether the stove was defectively designed, and prevents the grant of summary judgment to appellant on that issue.
2. As to the issue of the adequacy of the warnings concerning the dangers of installing and using the stove, although uncontradicted testimony established that each stove contained an instruction manual when it left appellant's factory, we find that questions of fact exist with regard to the adequacy of the warnings contained in the manual and with regard to the adequacy of warnings of danger in general. As to the first question, we note that the evidence shows that the instructions concerning placement of the stove's vent referred only to the need to get a good draft, and did not specifically warn of the danger which apparently produced the fire in this case. The second issue is raised by the deposition testimony of one of appellee's experts who opined that the warnings in the manual were sufficient, but that there should have been some externally-posted caution concerning the need to read and adhere to the instructions in the manual supplied.
Given that evidence, and applying the principles stated in Division 1 of this opinion, we find no error in the trial court's denial of summary judgment on the issue of adequacy of warnings.
Richard A. Brown, Jr., for appellant.