The defendant was indicted, tried and convicted for the offense of possessing marijuana. Prior to the trial a motion to suppress certain evidence was filed, and after a hearing, overruled. After the trial a motion for new trial was filed and denied. The appeal is from the judgment of conviction and the sentence to serve one year in the penitentiary.
The evidence disclosed that police officers of the City of Columbus, Georgia received information from an informer that defendant was dealing in dangerous drugs. At this time the defendant was renting a room in a motel. Certain police officers placed him under surveillance by obtaining entrance to the adjacent room, and watching the locality from another place in the motel. The wall between the rooms was very thin and the officers overheard long distance telephone conversations made by the defendant as to an expected transaction involving marijuana. A search warrant for defendant's room was obtained, and after his arrest, a search thereof was made, but no contraband was found therein. The telephone conversation was with a man named "Dave" concerning the delivery of marijuana. Later on, a man named "Dave" arrived in a red Mustang with another white male. "Dave" came to the motel office and announced he had a package for the occupant of defendant's room. The defendant drove a 1969 Datsun pickup truck and was seen coming and going several times in this vehicle. "Dave" was followed by the police, when he left the motel but later he "lost them in traffic." Thereafter, the red Mustang and defendant's Datsun truck were observed parked side by side at the motel. When both vehicles left they were stopped by the police, and two males, one of whom was the defendant, were seated in the front seat of the Datsun. Defendant was under the steering wheel. Plastic bags, which later were proved to contain marijuana, were clearly visible on a shelf in the rear of the Datsun. Approximately 42 lbs. of marijuana was found in the Mustang. From the time the Mustang drove up until both vehicles (Mustang and Datsun) attempted to leave the parking lot only 12 to 15 minutes elapsed. There was testimony that there was inadequate time to acquire additional search warrant for the vehicles. Held:
1. Defendant, in the lower court, made no attack on Code Ann. Ch. 26-30 (Ga. L. 1968, p. 1249 et, seq.) as being violative of the Fourth and Fourteenth Amendments of the Constitution of the United States. Hence. his enumeration of error on that ground is not meritorious. See Tant v. State, 123 Ga. App. 760 (1) (182 SE2d 502)
. With no constitutional attack on the constitutionality of a statute this court has jurisdiction to review this case. All that is left is the application of clear and unambiguous constitutional provisIons. See Bentley v. Anderson-McGuff Hardware Co., 181 Ga. 813 (184 SE 297)
; Thompson v. Allen, 195 Ga. 733 (25 SE2d 423)
State, 93 Ga. App. 368 (91 SE2d 832)
; Tant v. Slate, 123 Ga. App. 760
, supra; Lee v. State, 126 Ga. App 38 (189 SE2d 872)
. None of the errors complaining that the judgment and conviction was contrary to law and evidence and without evidence to support it is meritorious.
3. The search of the defendant's automobile was not under color of the search warrant for his motel room, and any failure to make a return of that. search warrant. did not invalidate the subsequent search of the automobile. The Federal cases involving the "fruit of the poisoned tree" are not controlling here. See Wong Sun v. United States, 371 U. S. 471 (83 SC 407, 9 LE2d 441); Nardone v. United States, 308 U. S. 338 (60 SC 266, 84 LE 307). Further, the search of the motel room did not produce any evidence requiring a return of that search warrant.
Code Ann. 26-3001, 26-3004, 26-3009 (New Criminal Code; Ga. L. 1968, pp. 1249, 1327, 1328, 1334); 18 USCA 2515, 2516, 2517, 2518, 2519. The police officers were not required to seek prior judicial approval for the surveillance made in this case which was other than by mechanical or electronic means as provided for in the above code sections.
6. The trial court did not abuse its discretion in denying the motion for mistrial and in allowing in evidence the testimony that a large amount of marijuana was seized from the Mustang automobile at the time these two vehicles were stopped by the police officers. All evidence connecting the defendant with the crime are proper matters to be submitted to the jury to be used by them for what they are worth. Code 38-302; Bines v. State, 118 Ga. 320 (2)
(45 SE 376
, 68 LRA 33); Wilson v. State, 173 Ga. 275 (2) (160 SE2d 319)
; Phillips v. State, 206 Ga. 418 (3) (57 SE2d 555)
; Bridges v. State, 227 Ga. 24 (3) (178 SE2d 861)
and cits. All of the facts of the case disclose that marijuana was expected to arrive from Atlanta; "Dave" arrived at the motel in a Mustang with information that he had packages for the defendant, and came to the defendant's room. Thereafter, defendant was arrested, at which time "Dave" was the driver of the Mustang and the 42 lbs. of marijuana was found therein. All of this testimony, although circumstantial, was sufficient to connect the marijuana in the Mustang to the case against defendant. The judgment is
E. Mullins Whisnant, District Attorney, for appellee.