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Workmen's compensation. Cobb Superior Court. Before Judge Manning.
FELTON, Chief Judge.
1. Insufficiency of the statement of the findings in an award by the State Board of Workmen's Compensation does not necessitate the recommittal of the case to the board in order for it to state its findings upon the evidence previously taken where the facts as disclosed by the record are undisputed and the evidence demands the award made by the board.
2. Where an employee, under the Workmen's Compensation Act, dies as the result of a "heart attack" which occurs three days after an accidental injury sustained on the job, the award of the director denying compensation to the claimant, being demanded by the evidence, was correctly affirmed by the superior court.
Mrs. Mavis K. McDaniel, widow of Arthur G. McDaniel, filed a claim for workmen's compensation with the State Board of Workmen's Compensation in which she sought to recover for the death of her husband who had been an employee of Lockheed Aircraft Corp. Employers Mutual Liability Insurance Co. was the insurer. The board director who heard the case rendered an award denying compensation, which award was, in effect, affirmed by the full board, one director dissenting. On appeal to the Superior Court of Cobb County the award of the board was affirmed, and it is to this judgment that the claimant excepts.
1. The findings of fact of the director, which the plaintiff in error contends are but a bare conclusion unsupported by facts, consists only of the statement, "I find that the claimant has failed to show that her decedent suffered an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment which either caused or contributed to his death." Code 114-707 provides in part that "the award, together with a statement of the findings of fact and other matters pertinent to the questions at issue, shall be filed with the record of the proceedings." "A statement of the findings is necessary in order that the losing party may intelligently prepare his appeal and that the cause may thereupon be intelligently reviewed. This requirement contemplates a concise but comprehensive statement of the cause and the circumstances, or controlling facts, of the accident as the commission shall find it in truth to have occurred. [cases cited]. It is not enough to state, merely as a conclusion, in the language of the statute, that the injury is found to have arisen out of and in the course of the employment. [cases cited]." Southeastern Exp. Co. v. Edmondson, 30 Ga. App. 697, 699 (119 SE 39). This holding is further clarified by a later case which holds that it is not improper for the commission to give its conclusion in the language of the statute, where the findings of fact as stated are sufficient to justify such conclusion, but that "a mere statement that the commission finds that the injury arose out of and in the course of the employment is not such a finding of fact as would justify an award, when it stands unsupported by any other findings of fact to justify it as a conclusion." (Italics ours). American Mut. Liab. Ins. Co. v. Hardy, 36 Ga. App. 487, 490 (137 SE 113).
A. That's right, sir." The physician's testimony then, was that there was a "possibility" of causal connection between the strain and the attack which caused death, and that the cause of death was merely "speculative." The following are excerpts from the testimony of a "heart specialist," or internist: "Here is a man who had a heart attack because, if my diagnosis is correct, he had arteriosclerosis of the coronary artery and as his disease progressed to the point where he had a heart attack, he had the attack and this was independent of any ordinary activity that he might have had . . . I don't think that any of the ordinary emotions that a man might have during the day with his work, that or even emotions of stress or anger which did not precipitate an immediate, fatal attack, would be thought to have any bearing on an attack occurring some hours later in the evening . . . You can't say which things precipitate it except that if he hadn't had the arteriosclerosis of the coronary artery he couldn't have had a myocardial infarction."
"The burden of proof is on the claimant in cases arising under the Workmen's Compensation Act to establish the fact that the employee has sustained an accidental injury such as is contemplated by the act." Rivers v. Travelers Inys. Co., 93 Ga. App. 779 (1) (92 SE2d 818). An injury which aggravates a pre-existing disease is compensable where such increased result would not have occurred except for the injury. Pruitt v. Ocean Accident &c. Corp., 48 Ga. App. 730 (173 SE 238). Where the alleged injury is claimed to have been precipitated by job exertion, the evidence must show that the exertion was such that, when considering all other facts of the case, a natural inference through human experience would be raised to indicate that the exertion contributed to the injury, or the medical testimony given must be that the exertion was sufficient to precipitate the injury. Callaway Mills Co. v. Hurley, 100 Ga. App. 781 (112 SE2d 320); Hoffman v. National Surety Corp., 91 Ga. App. 414 (85 SE2d 784). Inasmuch as death did not occur until three days after the alleged exertion on the job, there is not such a "natural inference through human experience" raised to indicate that the exertion contributed to the injury, therefore it becomes solely a medical question which in this case could be answered only by competent medical testimony based at least on reasonable probability. In U. S. Cas. Co. v. Kelly, 78 Ga. App. 112, 116 (50 SE2d 238) this court said: "The distinguishing features between this and the Woodruff case [67 Ga. App. 554, 21 SE2d 298] are numerous, as a careful reading of that case will show. The distinction of controlling importance, however, is that in that case the most that could be said of the testimony in favor of the claimant was that the injury could have been a factor in the death, whereas, here the doctors testified that such an injury would aggravate the heart condition of the deceased. As there used, the word 'could' merely expresses 'a contingency that may be possible' and nothing more. Webster's New International Dictionary (2d ed., 1934). 'Would' on the other hand means necessarily will and expresses an element of certainty far greater than that expressed by 'could'; and testimony that the injury would cause an aggravation is sufficient to sustain the award." "It appears to be well settled that medical testimony as to the possibility of a causal relation between a given accident or injury and the subsequent death or impaired physical or mental condition of the person injured is not sufficient, standing alone, to establish such relation. By testimony as to possibility is meant testimony in which the witness asserts that the accident or injury 'might have', 'may have', or 'could have' caused, or 'possibly did' cause the subsequent physical condition or death or that a given physical condition (or death) 'might have', 'may have', or 'could have' resulted or 'possibly did' result from a previous accident or injury--testimony, that is, which is confined to words indicating the possibility or chance of the existence of the causal relation in question and does not include words indicating the probability or likelihood of its existence." 135 A.L.R. 517. The testimony of the general physician was of this nature, i.e., indicating the mere possibility rather than the probability of the causal relation, and the testimony of the heart specialist expressed more certainty as to the lack of any causal relation. Cases in which evidence in addition to "could or possibly could," etc., testimony, authorizes an award of compensation are distinguishable by the fact of the additional testimony. There is no additional testi-
mony in this case. When the award is against the claimant, the judge of the superior court, as well as this court, in reviewing the award must accept the evidence most favorable to the defendant, since the claimant had the burden of proof. Glens Falls Indem. Co. v. Sockwell, 58 Ga. App. 111, 114 (197 SE 647); Merry Bros. Brick &c. Co. v. Holmes, 57 Ga. App. 281 (195 SE 223). Under this view of the evidence, then, there was sufficient evidence to demand the award of the board denying compensation. This being so, the insufficiency of the board's finding does not, under division 1 of this opinion, necessitate a recommittal of the case to the board for a more complete statement of its findings.
Accordingly, the judge of the superior court did not err in affirming the decision of the State Board of Workmen's Compensation denying benefits to the claimant.
Judgment affirmed. Bell and Hall, JJ., concur.
Smith, Swift, Currie, McGhee & Hancock, Frank M. Swift, Glover McGhee, contra.
Clarence J. Jackson, for plaintiff in error.
Friday May 22 23:38 EDT

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