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Workmen's Compensation. Before Judge Vaughn. DeKalb Superior Court. March 20, 1953.
1. The motion to dismiss the writ of error is denied.
2. Where the findings of the State Board of Workmen's Compensation are authorized by the evidence and the award is not erroneous for any of the reasons set out in Code 114-710, it was error for the superior court, on appeal, to remand the case for the taking of further testimony and, in effect, to set the award aside.
Leonard Butler filed a claim for workmen's compensation against his employer, Whitley Construction Company, and its insurance carrier, Fidelity & Casualty Company. The evidence introduced upon the hearing of the case before a single director was substantially as follows: The claimant was employed by Whitley Construction Company as a driver of a ready-mixed concrete truck. On or about April 21, 1952, the claimant drove a truck loaded with mixed concrete to a lot on Coventry Road, in DeKalb County, where the concrete was to be used in paving a driveway. The claimant backed the truck up the driveway and struck a retaining wall at one side, damaging the chute down which the concrete mix was to be poured from the truck. The claimant again backed the truck up the driveway, while one of the men spreading the concrete held the chute. The claimant got out of the truck at about the same time that the man holding the chute let go of it, and the claimant was struck across the head and face by the chute. He was stunned by the blow and rested some before returning to his employer's yard. He was in pain for the next few days, but worked until shortly after noon on April 23, 1952, when he became deaf in his right ear and weak in his right arm and leg, and was unable to speak. He could not see well and was dizzy and walked with a limp. He had previously been in good health.
Dr. Roy H. McClung testified that the claimant had suffered a subdural hemorrhage on the left side of his brain caused by the blow on his head; that the claimant did not have an ordinary stroke, caused by the rupture of one or both of the two small arteries at the base of the brain; that a subdural hemorrhage occurred beneath the outer membrane covering the brain; and that the claimant was totally and permanently disabled for any type of manual work. On cross-examination, he testified that in acute cases one suffering a blow might become unconscious in one or two hours, but that in other cases it might be several days before the maximum symptoms were reached. Dr. W. C. Blandford testified to substantially the same effect.
Dr. Rufus Askew testified for the defendants that the claimant had an ordinary stroke, and he did not think that it could have been caused by the blow sustained some five days earlier.
The single director made findings of fact in conformity with the evidence above stated, and found that the claimant had sustained an injury as the result of an accident arising out of and in the course of his employment, and was totally and permanently disabled. The claimant was awarded compensation of $17.07 per week for 350 weeks.
The defendants appealed to the full board for a review, and made a motion to have the claimant examined by two named doctors, to ascertain whether or not the claimant's condition could be cured or relieved by surgical treatment, and that they be allowed to submit further medical testimony to the effect that, by proper surgery, the claimant could be cured or relieved of his disability. The full board affirmed the award, stating that there was ample evidence in the record to sustain the findings of fact and the conclusions of law in the award.
The defendants then appealed to DeKalb Superior Court upon the ground, among others, that "The directors acted in excess of their powers for the following reasons: (a) They refused to allow an examination by expert doctors upon petition of the Whitley Construction Company and the Fidelity and Casualty Company, whereby it may have been determined that the claimant could have been relieved by an operation, or cured."
The judge of the superior court entered the following order: "It is the order and judgment of the court, that a ruling or judgment on the appeal, be, and the same is deferred, and, that said case be, and it is recommitted to the State Board of Workmen's Compensation, that expert medical testimony may be submitted by both the claimant and defendant (should they so desire), to the full board, on the question only, as to whether or not, by proper surgery or corrective treatment, the claimant may be entirely cured or his disability relieved and lessened, and that upon hearing said testimony, the full Board of Workmen's Compensation, re-affirm, modify, amend, or vacate its award in said case, as to the full board may seem meet and proper."
The claimant excepted to this order.
There is a motion to dismiss the writ of error on the ground that the appeal is premature, as the order excepted to is not a final judgment. Code 114-710, providing for an appeal to the superior court from an award by the board, states in part: "The findings of fact made by the directors within their power shall, in the absence of fraud, be conclusive, but upon such hearing the court shall set aside the order or decree of the directors, if it be found that--(1) The directors acted without or in excess of their powers; . . . [Four other grounds are specified in this Code section, but it is not contended that they are applicable here.] No order or decree of the Department shall be set aside by the court upon any grounds other than one or more of the grounds above stated. If not set aside upon one or more of such stated grounds, the court shall affirm the order, judgment, decree or decision of the Department so appealed from. Upon the setting aside of any such order, decree or decision of the Department, the court may recommit the controversy to the Department for further hearing or proceedings in conformity with the judgment and opinion of the court, or such court may enter the proper judgment upon the findings, as the nature of the case may demand."
Code 114-710 makes no provision for such a judgment as the one here excepted to, but requires the court to affirm the award if not set aside upon one or more of the statutory grounds. When the court deferred judgment upon the appeal and recommitted the case to the board, it lost jurisdiction thereof and deprived the claimant of the benefit of the award in his favor. The judgment rendered on the appeal was tantamount to a judgment setting the award aside, and so was subject to direct bill of exceptions to this court. American Mutual Liability Ins. Co. v. Kent, 197 Ga. 733, 735 (30 S. E. 2d 599), citing New Amsterdam Casualty Co. v. McFarley, 64 Ga. App. 465 (13 S. E. 2d 588). The motion to dismiss the writ of error is denied.
2. The question presented for our determination is whether the full board acted in excess of its powers in refusing to take additional evidence, proposed by the motion of the defendants to be obtained from two named doctors upon further medical examination of the claimant, as to whether or not the claimant's condition could be cured or relieved by surgical treatment. If the board did not err in such refusal, then the superior court should not have set aside the award of the board.
"If an application for review is made to the full board within the time prescribed, all of the directors shall review the evidence, or, if deemed advisable, they will hear the parties at issue, their representatives and witnesses, and shall make an award. On a review of an award of a single director, the full board acts as a fact-finding body, and may affirm the award or may reverse it, if the evidence so authorizes. The full board may hear the parties at issue, their representatives and witnesses, if this is deemed advisable by the full board. This is what the act itself states, and this has been ruled by this court in a number of cases. The full board may remand to a single director a case which is before them for review for the purpose of taking additional testimony. But the full board is not obliged to take additional testimony, where it is not deemed advisable for them to do so. Watkins v. Hartford Accident &c. Co., 75 Ga. App. 462, 465 (43 S. E. 2d 549)." Adams v. Utica Mutual Insurance Co., 87 Ga. App. 386 (76 S. E. 2d 709); Code 114-708.
The Workmen's Compensation Act provides that the board may make rules, not inconsistent with the act, for carrying out the provisions of the act (Code 114-703); and the board's rule 25, with respect to taking additional evidence in a case on review, is as follows: "When, in the discretion of the Board, additional evidence is necessary for the completion of the record in a case on review, the Full Board will order the taking of such evidence before it. When either the employer or employee seeks to introduce new evidence at a review, application must be made for the introduction of new evidence, and it must be shown that the new evidence is of such a character as would follow the common law governing the admission of newly discovered evidence in the application for a new trial. The evidence sought to be introduced must not be evidence of cumulative or impeaching character, but must be of such a character as likely would have produced a different result had the evidence been procurable at the first hearing. It must be shown that the evidence was not known to the party who desires to introduce same at the time of the hearing before the Board, and that by reasonable diligence this new evidence could not have been secured. In other words, the law of Georgia as to the nature and character of evidence required for the granting of new trials will be applied by the State Board of Workmen's Compensation before new evidence can be introduced in a review by the Full Board."
So, under the provision of the act and the rule just quoted, the board may or may not hear or order additional evidence taken, as in its discretion may be deemed advisable, when a base is before it for review; but the exercise of its discretion in such a matter may be the subject of review by the courts in a proper case. Southeastern Express Co. v. Edmondson, 30 Ga. App. 697 (119 S. E. 39); American Mutual Liability Ins. Co. v. Hardy, 36 Ga. App. 487 (137 S. E. 113); Moody v. Tillman, 45 Ga. App. 84 (4) (163 S. E. 521); Adams v. Utica Mutual Ins. Co., supra.
It appears from the record that three doctors had examined the claimant, and their testimony was before the single director when the findings and award in favor of the claimant were made by him, and this testimony was before the full board on review when it passed on the appeal. The findings and award were supported by the evidence, and it was not shown that the full board on appeal acted in excess of its powers or abused its discretion in refusing to reopen the hearing to take additional testimony on the question of whether corrective surgical treatment should be ordered for the claimant.
Of course, the superior court may set aside an award and remand the case with instruction to the board, but it can do so only upon one or more of the grounds specified in Code 114-710. U. S. Fidelity &c. Co. v. Hall, 34 Ga. App. 307 (3) (129 S. E. 305). But where the findings of the board are authorized by the evidence, as they are in the present case, and the award was not erroneous for any of the reasons set out in Code 114-710, it was error for the superior court to remand the case for the taking of further testimony and, in effect, to set the award aside. Whitfield v. American Mutual Liability Ins. Co., 44 Ga. App. 478 (162 S. E. 297); White Provision Co. v. Culbreath, 58 Ga. App. 628 (3) (199 S. E. 318); Travelers Ins. Co. v. Wofford, 81 Ga. App. 421 (3) (58 S. E. 2d 853); Womack v. L. S. Fidelity &c. Co., 85 Ga. App. 564 (2b) (69 S. E. 2d 812).
Judgment reversed. Felton and Worrill, JJ., concur.
John M. Slaton, J. Hugh Rogers, contra.
J. Richmond Garland, Louis M. Tatum, M. T. Hartman, III, for plaintiff in error.
Saturday May 23 04:02 EDT

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