Title 42, Chapter 8, Section 34
(a) Any court of this state which has original jurisdiction of
criminal actions, except juvenile courts, municipal courts, and
probate courts, in which the defendant in a criminal case has been
found guilty upon verdict or plea or has been sentenced upon a plea
of nolo contendere, except for an offense punishable by death or
life imprisonment, may, at a time to be determined by the court,
hear and determine the question of the probation of such defendant.
(b) Prior to the hearing, the court may refer the case to the
probation supervisor of the circuit in which the court is located
for investigation and recommendation. The court, upon such
reference, shall direct the supervisor to make an investigation and
to report to the court, in writing at a specified time, upon the
circumstances of the offense and the criminal record, social
history, and present condition of the defendant, together with the
supervisor's recommendation; and it shall be the duty of the
supervisor to carry out the directive of the court.
(c) Subject to the provisions of subsection (a) of Code Section 17-10-1 and subsection (f) of Code Section 17-10-3, if it appears to the court upon a hearing of the matter that the defendant is not likely to engage in a criminal course of conduct and that the ends of justice and the welfare of society do not require that the defendant shall presently suffer the penalty imposed by law, the court in its discretion shall impose sentence upon the defendant but may stay and suspend the execution of the sentence or any portion thereof or may place him on probation under the supervision and control of the probation supervisor for the duration of such probation. The period of probation or suspension shall not exceed the maximum sentence of confinement which could be imposed on the defendant.
(d)(1) In every case that a court of this state or any other state sentences a defendant to probation or any pretrial release or diversion program under the supervision of the department, in addition to any fine or order of restitution imposed by the court, there shall be imposed a probation fee as a condition of probation, release, or diversion in the amount equivalent to $23.00 per each month under supervision, and in addition, a one-time fee of $50.00 where such defendant was convicted of any felony. The probation fee may be waived or amended after administrative process by the department and approval of the court, or upon determination by the court, as to the undue hardship, inability to pay, or any other extenuating factors which prohibit collection of the fee; provided, however, that the imposition of sanctions for failure to pay fees shall be within the discretion of the court through judicial process or hearings. Probation fees shall be waived on probationers incarcerated or detained in a departmental or other confinement facility which prohibits employment for wages. All probation fees collected by the department shall be paid into the general fund of the state treasury, except as provided in subsection (f) of Code Section 17-15-13, relating to sums to be paid into the Georgia Crime Victims Emergency Fund.
(2) In addition to any other provision of law, any person convicted of a violation of Code Section 40-6-391 or subsection (b) of Code Section 16-13-2 who is sentenced to probation or a suspended sentence by a municipal, magistrate, probate, state, or superior court shall also be required by the court to pay a one-time fee of $25.00. The clerk of court, or if there is no clerk the person designated to collect fines, fees, and forfeitures for such court, shall collect such fee and remit the same to the general fund of the state treasury not later than the tenth day of the month after such fee is collected and shall be subject to rule and attachment in the same manner as clerks of superior court for failure to so collect and remit.
(e) The court may, in its discretion, require the payment of a fine
or costs, or both, as a condition precedent to probation.
(f) During the interval between the conviction or plea and the
hearing to determine the question of probation, the court may, in
its discretion, either order the confinement of the defendant
without bond or may permit his release on bond, which bond shall be
conditioned on his appearance at the hearing and shall be subject to
the same rules as govern appearance bonds. Any time served in
confinement shall be considered a part of the sentence of the
(g) The sentencing judge shall retain jurisdiction over any person
placed on probation. The judge is empowered to revoke any or all of
the probated sentence, rescind any or all of the sentence, or, in
any manner deemed advisable by the judge, to modify or change the
probated sentence at any time during the period of time prescribed
for the probated sentence to run.
(h) Notwithstanding any provision of this Code or any rule or
regulation to the contrary, if a defendant is placed on probation in
a county of a judicial circuit other than the one in which he
resides for committing any misdemeanor offense, such defendant may,
when specifically ordered by the court, have his probation
supervision transferred to the judicial circuit of the county in
which he resides.